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10th of May

Saints Gordian and Epimachus, martyrs, 3rd and 4th centuries. St Comgall, abbot, 601. St Cataldus, Bishop of Tarentum, 7th century. St Isidore of Madrid, labourer, patron of Madrid, 1170. St Antoninus, Archbishop of Florence, 1459.

Born. – A. R. J. Turgot, illustrious finance minister of France, 1727, Paris
Died. – Mareschal de Marillac, beheaded at Paris, 1632; La Bruyère, author of Caractères, 1696; Louis XV., King of France, 1774; Caroline Matilda, Queen of Denmark, 1775, Zelle; General De Dampierre, killed at Tamars, 1793.

On this Day in Other Sources.

Bruce soon reduced Carrick, Kyle, and Cunningham, and Pembroke retired to Carlisle, whence he returned with a fresh army of 3000 men, mostly horsemen. The Scottish king met him at Loudon Hill on May 10th, 1307. Bruce formed his men into squares and gallantly repulsed the heavy English cavalry, inflicting on them a total defeat. This was the beginning of his victorious career.

– A History of Scotland, Chapter II.

Upon the death of the cardinal, the Pope endeavoured to intrude John Framisden, a friar minor, into the see of Glasgow, and craved the assistance of Richard II. for his settlement by force.1 The attempt, however, entirely failed, and Matthew de Glendonwyn, a canon of the cathedral, obtained the bishopric peaceably. In his episcopate, the steeple, built of timber from the banks of Lochlomond, was burnt down. He made preparations for rebuilding it of stone, but had not commenced it when he died 10th May 1408. 

– Sketches, pp.29-70. 

1  Nicolas’ Proceedings of Privy Council, I. 95.

The 10th of May, this year the castle of Hamilton was demolished and cast down, 1579. 

– Historical Works, pp.340-416.

May 10 [1611]. – It was found necessary to put some restraint upon the number of poor Scotch people who repaired to the English court in hope of bettering their circumstances. The evil is spoken of as a ‘frequent and daily resort of great numbers of idle persons, men and women, of base sort and condition, and without ony certain trade, calling, or dependence, going from hence to court, by sea and land.’ It was said to be ‘very unpleasant and offensive to the king’s majesty, in so far as he is daily importuned with their suits and begging, and his royal court almost filled with them, they being, in the opinion and conceit of all behalders, bot idle rascals and poor miserable bodies;’ the country, moreover, ‘is heavily disgracit, and mony slanderous imputations given out against the same, as gif there were no persons of guid rank, comeliness, nor credit within the same.’ The Council, therefore, deemed it necessary to cause an order to be proclaimed in all the burghs and seaports forbidding masters of vessels to carry any people to England without first giving up their names and declaring their errands and business to the Lords, under heavy penalties. – P. C. R

– Domestic Annals, pp.177-227.

May 10 [1698]. – An ‘unkindly cold and winter-like spring’ was threatening again to frustrate the hopes of the husbandman, ‘and cut off man and beast by famine.’ Already the dearth was greatly increased, and in many places ‘great want both of food and seed’ was experienced, while the sheep and cattle were dying in great numbers. In consideration of these facts, and of the abounding sins of profaneness, Sabbath-breaking, drunkenness, &c., ‘whereby the displeasure of God was manifestly provoked,’ a solemn humiliation and fast was ordered for the 17th of May within the synod of Lothian and Tweeddale, and the 25th of the month for the rest of the kingdom. 

– Domestic Annals, pp.355-378.



   The late Lord Belhaven’s Memorable Speeches in the last Parliament of Scotland holden at Edinburgh in 1706, on the Subject Matter of the then projected Union: Wherein the slavish Homage and Respect that the People of Scotland should in Time pay to every petty English Excisemen, is predicted. Price One Shilling.” 

– Derby Mercury, Thursday 10th May, 1733.

– Treaty of Union Articles, 1700-1750.

DUMFRIES AND GALLOWAY ANTIQUARIAN SOCIETY (10th May [1895]). – Mr. George Neilson, Glasgow, read a paper on “Old Annan.” The town had doubtless received its name from the river, not the river from the town. There were other examples of absolute identity between town-name and river-name, although they were relatively rare. No one could say what the derivation of the word was. Celtic place-name etymology, unless there was a body of parallel examples to check it, was a mere will-of-the-wisp. But in the early history of the name of Annandale, which was first Strathanand, then oscillated between Anandesdal and Ananderdal, and finally settled for about three centuries into the latter of these two forms, there was a compact summary of the early ethnology of the district. 

– Scots Lore, pp.335-340.

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