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6th of June

St Philip the Deacon, 1st century. St Gudwall, Bishop of St Maloi, confessor, end of 6th or beginning of 7th century. St Claude, Archbishop of Besançon, confessor, 696 or 703. St Norbert, Archbishop of Magdeburg, and founder of the Premonstratensian Order, confessor, 1134.

Born. – Diego Velasquez, eminent Spanish artist, 1599, Seville; Pierre Corneille, French dramatist, 1606, Rouen; Jean Baptiste Languet, 1675, Dijon.
Died. – Ludovico Giovanni Ariosto, eminent Italian poet, 1533, Ferrara; Memnon de Coehorn, eminent engineer, the ‘Vauban of Holland,’ 1704, Hague; Louise, Duchesse de la Vallière, mistress of Louis XIV., 1710; George, Lord Anson, Patrick Henry, American patriot and orator, 1799.

On this Day in Other Sources.

Bruce having refused to accept a crown shorn of its rank, Edward declared in favour of the pitiful Baliol, after which orders were issued to the captains of the Scottish castles to deliver them up to John, King of Scotland. Shame at last filled the heart of the latter; he took the field, and lost the battle of Dunbar. Edward, reinforced by fifteen thousand Welsh and a horde of Scottish traitors, appeared before Edinburgh Castle; the soldiers of the garrison made a fruitless defence till the 6th of June, 1296, when they were compelled to capitulate – the weather being intensely sultry and the wells having dried up. In accordance with Edward’s usual sanguinary policy, the whole garrison was put to the sword with ruthless cruelty, and Walter de Huntercombe, a baron of Northumberland, was made governor of the new one; but in the next year Wallace with his patriots swept like a torrent over the Lowlands. 

– Old and New Edinburgh, pp.21-26.

This year, Pope Alexander VI, sent his Legate, Formaules, to Scotland, who arrived at Edinburgh [on the] 6th of June, 1494, to comfort the King, who [had] become very melancholy and pensive, in that he had countenanced [those who] had killed his father. But the nuncio, by the power given [to] him by the Pope, [instructed] him [in] a penance, which was to wear a chain of iron about his middle all the days of his life, which he did; and by his apostolic power absolved him. 

– Historical Works, pp.214-238.

The Queen, and Bothwell, from what they heard, thought it prudent to retire from Holyrood-house, on the 6th of June [1567], to Borthwick castle, about eight miles, south-east of Edinburgh. And the insurgents being more forward, with their forces, surrounded Borthwick castle, where the Queen and Bothwell lay; expecting to bring the insurrection to a speedy issue: But, Bothwell easily effected his escape; and after him, the Queen, disguised in man’s apparel, fled to Dunbar castle. The insurgents now countermarched upon Edinburgh, which, as it was feebly defended, was easily entered, while the townsmen favoured their enterprize. 

– Life of Mary, pp.155-184.

June 6 [1598]. – There was a proclamation ‘that no man take upon hand to give out money any dearer nor ten for the hundred [ten per cent. interest], or victual according thereto, under the pain of confiscation of their goods, and punishing of their bodies as usurers.’ – Bir

– Domestic Annals, pp.124-176.

On the sixth of June [1639], Lord Aboyne, accompanied by the earls of Glencairn and Tullibardine, the lairds of Drum, Banff, Fedderet, Foveran, and Newton, and their followers, with Colonel Gun and several English officers, landed in Aberdeen, without opposition. Immediately on coming on shore, he issued a proclamation which was read at the cross of Aberdeen, prohibiting all his majesty’s loyal subjects from paying any rents, duties, or other debts to the covenanters, and requiring them to pay one-half of such sums to the king, and to retain the other for themselves. Those persons who had been forced to subscribe the covenant against their will, were, on repentance, to be forgiven, and every person was required to take an oath of allegiance to his majesty. 

– History of Highlands, pp.314-341.

Ray the naturalist, who visited Scotland in 1661, describes the men of the poorer class as wearing bonnets, and the women having a covering of white linen on their heads, which hung down their backs. “When they go abroad none of them wear hats, but a particoloured blanket, which they call a plaid, over their head and shoulders.” The magistrates of Edinburgh had, some thirty years previously (1631), endeavoured, but apparently without success, to put down this wearing of the plaid over the head. “It has now,” the order prohibiting it bears, “become the ordinar habit of all women within the city, to the general imputation of their sex – matrons not being able to be distinguished from loose living women, to their own dishonour and scandal of the city.”* When we come to notice the proceedings of the Kirk Session of Glasgow we shall find that they also, perhaps for the same reason, strictly prohibited the wearing of plaids over the head by women in church. There is a similar enactment about the same time by the magistrates of Aberdeen, in which they condemn “the uncivill forme of behaviour of a great many women of the burght of gude qualite quha resortes both to kirk and mercat with thair playddis about thair headis.”1

– Old Glasgow, pp.181-189. 

1  Burgh Records of Aberdeen, 6th June, 1621. 
*  The banning of the plaid covering in Edinburgh is described in Chapter 21 of Grant’s ‘Old and New Edinburgh’ (1880).

Alexander, third Earl of Kincardine, having died without issue, was succeeded in the title by Sir Alexander Bruce of Broomhall, son of Robert Bruce of Broomhall, third son of Sir George Bruce of Carnock. Robert Bruce of Broomhall was appointed a Lord of session in June 1649. He was a member of the committee of war for the shire of Fife, 1648; a commissioner for revising the laws and acts of Parliament, 1649; a member of the committee of estates appointed by Parliament on the 6th of June, 1651; and died in June 1652. 

– Scotland Illustrated, pp.109-110.

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