10th of June

Saints Getulius and companions, martyrs, 2nd century. St Landry, or Landericus, Bishop of Paris, confessor, 7th century. St Margaret, Queen of Scotland, 1093. Blessed Henry, or Rigo of Treviso, confessor, 1315.

Born. – James Short, maker of reflecting telescopes, 1710, Edinburgh.
Died. – Emperor Frederick Barbarossa, 1190, Cilicia; James Smith, promoter of sub-soil ploughing, 1850, Kinzeancleuch, Ayrshire.

On this Day in Other Sources.

Jocelin, Abbot of the Cistercian monastery of Melros, was the next bishop, “a clero, a populo exigente et rege ipso assentiente, ad ecclesiam Glasguensem presul eligitur, 10. kalendas Junii [1174] apud Pert in Scotia; vir mitis et morigeratus, vir mansuetus et moderatus.”1

– Sketches, pp.29-70.

1  Chron. Mailr.

The King [James V.] now espoused, for his second wife, Mary of Guise, the widowed Duchess of Longueville, the eldest daughter of Claude, Duke of Guise, by Antoinette de Bourbon, a princess of the blood. Mary arrived, at Fifeness, on the 10th of June 1538. She thence proceeded to St. Andrews, where she was welcomed, by the King, who carried her to the new palace, within the Abbey. Here, did the King, and Queen, remain forty days, with great merriness, saith the contemporary Pitscottie: “Such as justing, running at the lists, archery, hunting, and hawking, with singing, and dancing, in masking, and playing at all other princely games, according to a king and queen.” Similar sports, and rejoicings, took place, in various other parts of Scotland, which show, at once, the hilarity of the people, and the manners of the age. 

– Life of Mary, pp.9-15.

Mary of Guise, with a sorely diminished court, took up her residence in the fortress [of Edinburgh Castle]; she was received with every respect by Lord Erskine, who, as the holder of the Queen’s garrison, was strictly neutral between the contending parties. The Reformers were now in arms with the English auxiliaries, so the French, who had waged war through all Fife and the Lothians, were compelled to keep within the ramparts of Leith, the operations against which the fair Regent, though labouring under a mortal illness, which the cares of state had aggravated, watched daily from the summit of David’s Tower. Her illness, a virulent dropsical affection, increased. She did not live to see the fall of Leith, but died on the 10th of June, 1560. 

– Old and New Edinburgh, pp.32-47.

According to the usual policy in such cases, the government issued a proclamation commanding the possessors of grain to thrash it out before the 10th of June [1577], under the pain of escheating, and that no person should keep more victual than was sufficient to serve him and his family a quarter of a year, the rest to be brought to the market within twenty days. It was also ordered, that no grain should be taken forth of the kingdom, but ‘strangers bringing in victual should be favourably enterteened and thankfully paid.’ – Cal. This proclamation, being entirely accordant with the prejudices of the masses, was ‘mickle commendit.’ – Moy. 

Domestic Annals, pp.56-80.

The 10th day of June, this year [1603], Queen Anna, together with her eldest son, Prince Henry, took her journey for England; and the day after them, the Princess Lady Elizabeth took [her] journey. 

– Historical Works, pp.340-416.

2366. Hampton (Christopher). A Sermon preached in the Cittie of Glasco in Scotland, on the Tenth day of June, 1610. London, 1611.

Dr. Christopher Hampton was one of the three English doctors who attended the Earl of Dunbar as King’s Commissioner at the General Assembly at Glasgow in 1610. In 1613 he became Archbishop of Armagh, and died 1634. 

– Memorial Catalogue, Gallery 1.

At the time appointed for the trial of the Guns, Sir Robert Gordon, Mackay, and Lord Forbes, with all his friends, went to Edinburgh, and upon their arrival they entreated the council to prevent a remission in favour of the earl of Caithness being passed the signet until the affair in hand was tried; a request with which the council complied. The earl of Caithness did not appear; but he sent his son, Lord Berridale, to Edinburgh, along with John Gun and all those persons who had been summoned by Lord Forbes, with the exception of Alexander Gun and his two accomplices. He alleged as his reason for not sending them that they were not his men, being Mackay’s own tenants, and dwelling in Dilred, the property of Mackay, which was held by him of the earl of Sutherland, who, he alleged, was bound to present the three persons alluded to. But the lords of the council would not admit of this excuse, and again required Lord Berridale and his father to present the three culprits before the court on the tenth day of June following, because, although they had possessions in Dilred, they had also lands from the earl of Caithness on which they usually resided. Besides, the deed was committed in Caithness, of which the earl was sheriff, on which account also he was bound to apprehend them. Lord Berridale, whose character was quite the reverse of that of his father, apprehensive of the consequences of a trial, now offered satisfaction in his father’s name to Lord Forbes, if he would stop the prosecution; but his lordship refused to do any thing without the previous advice and consent of Sir Robert Gordon and Mackay, who, upon being consulted, made articles of agreement to be drawn up, which were presented to Lord Berridale by neutral persons for his acceptance, but considering the conditions sought to be imposed upon his father too hard, he rejected them.

– History of the Highlands, pp.257-286.

On the tenth of June [1639], the Viscount left Aberdeen, and advanced upon Kintore with an army of about two thousand horse and foot, to which he received daily accessions. The inhabitants of the latter place were compelled by him to subscribe the oath of allegiance, and notwithstanding their compliance, “the troops,” says Spalding, “plundered meat and drink, and made good fires; and, where they wanted peats, broke down beds and boards in honest men’s houses to be fires, and fed their horses with corn and straw that day and night.”1 Next morning the army moved upon Hall Forrest, a seat of the earl Marshall, which surrendered on their approach. Although the house was filled with property of different kinds, which had been placed there by the people of the neighbourhood for the sake of security, no part thereof was touched, and the troops contented themselves with carrying off all the arms and provisions they could find. From Hall Forrest, they proceeded to the house of Muchells, belonging to Lord Fraser; but Aboyne, hearing of a rising in the south, gave up a resolution he had formed of besieging it, and returned to Aberdeen.

– History of the Highlands, pp.314-341.

1  Troubles, vol. i. p. 151. 

Taken seriatim, the records of the Tolbooth contain volumes of entries made in the following brief fashion:- 

“1662, June 10. – John Kincaid put in ward by warrant of the Lords of the Privy Council, for ‘pricking of persons suspected of witchcraft unwarrantably.’ Liberated on finding caution not to do so again. 

“- June 10. – Robert Binning for falsehood; hanged with the false papers about his neck. 

– Old and New Edinburgh, pp.123-138.

Gossiping Wodrow tells us in his “Analecta,” that, on the 10th of June, 1712, “The birthday of the Pretender, I hear there has been great outrages at Edinburgh by his friends. His health was drunk early in the morning in the Parliament Close; and at night, when the magistrates were going through the streets to keep the peace, several were taken up in disguise, and the King’s health (i.e., James VIII.) was drunk out of several windows, and the glasses thrown over the windows when the magistrates passed by, and many windows were illuminated. At Leith there was a standard set upon the pier, with a thistle and Nemo me impune lacessit, and J. R. VIII.; and beneath, Noe Abjuration. This stood a great part of the day.” 

– Old and New Edinburgh, pp.174-182.

June 10 [1717]. – Occurred this day at Edinburgh a thunder-storm, attended with such remarkable effects, that an account of it was published on a broadside. It was little, perhaps, that it frightened the people off the streets, caused the garrison at the castle to look well to the powder-magazine, and killed a man and a woman at Lasswade. What attracted particular attention was the fate of a tavern company at Canonmills, where two barbers from the Lawnmarket had come to celebrate the Pretender’s birthday over a bottle of ale. They had just drunk to the health of their assumed monarch – one of the company had remarked with a curse how the bells were not rung or the castle guns fired on ‘the king’s birthday – when a great thunder-clap broke over the house. ‘The people on earth,’ cried one of the party, ‘will not adore their king; but you hear the Almighty is complimenting him with a volley from heaven.’ At that moment came a second stroke, which instantaneously killed one of the barbers and a woman, and scorched a gentleman so severely that he died in a few hours. ‘The rest of the company, being amazed, sent to Edinburgh for doctors to take blood of the gentleman; but the doctors told them they could do no good. They tried to let blood of him, but found none. their bodies were as soft as wool.’ 

– Domestic Annals, pp.390-397.

Why Ireland’s Union with England was different from the Scottish, in regards to England’s debt;

   “Did Lord Castlereagh, in introducing the Union in the Irish Parliament, quote the Scotch Union, and can you briefly give his statement? – He said, that at the time of the Union between England and Scotland a sum had been paid in cash to Scotland for taking upon herself the liability to the English debt; that the British debt was so disproportionate to the Irish, that Great Britain could not afford in 1801 to pay the balance, and as that could not be done in lieu of it, the Union was based upon the principle that Ireland should never be called upon to pay the interest upon the British debt, and that her contribution to the general expenditure should be arranged according to her ability. He further estimated that Ireland would, by the Union, save a million a-year in time of peace, and he considered this would have been compensation for her not being paid for the responsibility to the British debt.”

– Waterford Mail, Friday 10th June, 1864.

N.B. In addition to this statement I’d like to add a quote from Grant’s Old and New Edinburgh, Chapter 17;

“ ‘It was soon discovered, after all,’ says Dr. Chambers, ‘that only £100,000 of the money was specie, the rest being in Exchequer bills, which the Bank of England had ignorantly supposed to be welcome in all parts of Her Majesty’s dominions. This gave rise to new clamours. It was said the English had tricked them by sending paper instead of money. Bills, payable 400 miles off, and which if lost or burned would be irrecoverable, were a pretty price for the obligation Scotland had come under to pay English taxes.’ ”

– Treaty of Union Articles, 1850-1875.

   “The President of the Local Government Board asserts that the characteristics of the nationality of Scotland have been preserved, and that in […] of that preservation Scotland is as complete and different a nation now from England […] was before the Union, and he instances the Courts of Justice, the Presbyterian form of worship as the ‘State faith,’ the elementary schools and ‘the four democratic universities.’ The Courts of Justice are not as they were before the Union, The right of appeal from the Supreme Court of Scotland to the highest tribunal in England is an innovation of comparatively modern date; and recent attempts on the part of English judges to establish jurisdiction in Scotland are fresh in the memory of most of us, although Sir Lyon Playfair seems to have forgot them. The Kirk yet remains. How long she may […] is probably a question of time. The elementary schools, after losing much of their original character, keep their footing; and the four universities show no signs of decay. But where are the rest of the characteristics of Scotland as an independent nation? A Board of Customs, a Coard of Excise, and a Postmaster-Generalship existed in the Scottish metropolis before the Union, and for a long time after it. The Board of Customs was the first to be abolished; in due time the abolition of the Board of Excise followed; and men still living recollect the Postmaster-General for Scotland demitting office to make way for a Secretary to the Post Office in Scotland. About 14 years ago the secretaryship was abolished, […] a General Post Office for all Scotland no longer exists! Sir Lyon Playfair, who not very […] filled the office of Postmaster-General at St Martin’s-le-Grand, is, no doubt, aware of the fact that since the Scottish postmaster-Generalship was abolished all the best positions in the postal service in Scotland have been given to Englishmen or Irishmen, very rarely to Scotchmen. In our own city no Scotchman has held the Postmastership since Mr Dougald Bannatyne retired, nearly fifty years ago. Again, the surveyorship of the postal service are, we believe, valuable and coveted prizes; but, so far as we are aware, no Scotchman has held such an appointment in Scotland since the advent of the penny postage, with perhaps the exception of one individual. We have been thus particular in our reference to the Post Office because the President of the Local Government Board, who so confidently affirmed that every characteristic of Scottish nationality that existed before the Union has been preserved intact, did himself for some time preside over the great department. A little over thirty years ago the Association for the Vindication of Scottish Rights, headed by popular noblemen and learned professors in our ‘democratic universities,’ was in full vigour. The chief complaints of that association were (1) systematic violations of the Articles of Union; (2) the obliteration, one after another, of the ‘characteristic of Scottish nationality.’ Who has not heard of the slight put upon the Scottish Lion? In the Articles of Union it is stipulated that when the Royal Arms are displayed in Scotland the lion should occupy the place of honour – the right-hand side of the crown – instead of that fabulous animal the unicorn, which occupies that position in England. The case of the lion may be considered a trivial matter, and it has been ridiculed as such by Scotchmen as well as by Englishmen; but the more trivial it is the less cause can be found for the stronger of the two contracting parties persistently ignoring the un[…] legal rights of the weaker. It is virtually obliterating one of the last remaining characteristics of Scottish nationality. Would the Irish nation quietly put up with such tampering, even in the most trivial matters?” 

– Glasgow Herald, Thursday 10th June, 1886.

– Treaty of Union Articles, 1875-1900.

GLASGOW ECCLESIOLOGICAL SOCIETY (10th June [1895]). – The Rev. Dr. Metcalfe read a paper on “Celtic Ecclesiology,” limiting his remarks chiefly to the architectural style and arrangements of the Celtic church. He demonstrated that at the beginning of the fourth century there was a regularly organised church in the Roman provinces of Britain, and that previous to the beginning of the sixth century there were Scots or Irish who believed in Christ. Religious structures were of two kinds – those erected for public worship, and monastic buildings. Public worship was probably first conducted in the open air, as, e.g., in the case of S. Boniface in Germany. “Clach” signifies a stone, and “clachan,” stones, a church – as Clachan Michel, Michael’s Church. From the highlands of Perthshire to Harris, the Gaelic term signifying “the stones” was used as synonymous with “the church.” Caves or excavations were used as places of worship, with stone altars, so that in Ireland as well as in Rome there were underground churches, used at first probably during persecution. Churches were made of clay, more commonly of wood, and at a later period of stone. So early, however, as the beginning of the fifth century a stone church was built by S. Ninian at Whitherne with the aid of masons obtained from St. Martin of Tours. Stone did not come into general use until after the first invasion by the Danes, A.D. 794. 

– Scots Lore, pp.335-340.

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