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25th of June

Saints Agoard and Aglibert, martyrs, near Paris, about 400. St Prosper of Aquitain, confessor, 463. St Maximus, Bishop of Turin, confessor, 5th century. St Moloc, bishop and confessor in Scotland, 7th century. St William of Monte-Vergine, 1142.

Died. – Charles Barbaroux, Girondist politician, guillotined, 1793; William Smellie, naturalist, miscellaneous writer, 1795, Edinburgh; J. C. L. de Sismondi, historian, 1842, near Geneva; Louis Buonaparte, ex-king of Holland, 1846.

On this Day in Other Sources.

The frequent vacillations of the Regent Queen induced even her official servants, including Secretary Maitland, to revolt from her, to her avowed enemies. Yet the domestic war was carried on, for some time, with more show, than reality; owing to the weakness of both parties. On the 25th of June [1559], the insurgents took possession of Perth, a military position of great importance, even from Roman times, which the Regent tried to relieve, by treaty, rather than by force. 

– Life of Mary, pp.15-41.

The four nations [of Glasgow University] electing their “intrants” or procurators; the four intrants electing the Rector of the University and his four deputies – the promoter or procurator and bursar; and members admitted to the University as a defined and distinct body,1 and according to the ancient constitution and practice; while the Faculty of Arts held its congregation in the Crypt, at the altar of St. Nicholas, on the 25th day of June [1563], and there elected their Dean and their examinators, and recorded the “proceeding” of the year’s students, now sadly reduced in numbers, for their degrees.2

– Sketches, pp.220-253. 

1  Annis 1557-58. 
2  Anno 1555.

The secret council, who acted thus, with Morton, at their head, were but a very small part of the nobles: The great body of the baronage was astonished at their boldness; and felt indignant, that half a dozen persons should presume to seize the capital, and imprison the Queen; which, says Spottiswoode, they condemned as a crime of the highest treason.  

In this state of men’s minds, the insurgent nobles were much embarrassed; and had quite deserted so perfidious a cause, had not Morton persuaded them, to keep together, at Edinburgh; and to invite the nobles, who were convened, at Hamilton, to join them, in the metropolis. But, the nobles, who were assembled, at Hamilton, were too circumspect, to trust themselves, in the fangs of so false, and perfidious a wretch, as Morton. The secret council now called the church, to its aid. The assembly met, at Edinburgh, on the 25th of June [1567], to give its aid to the secret council; and chose Buchanan, as moderator: The assembly entered, zealously, into the insidious project of the secret council. The church judicatory, whose duty it is, to promote peace on earth, dispersed letters to the principal nobles, and appointed commissioners, to enforce the request of the assembly, for joining the secret council, whose object was to promote true religion, by abolishing papistry; “seeing that God, at this present, has begun to tread down Satan [the Queen] under foot.” 

– Life of Mary, pp.155-184.

June 25 [1580]. – ‘… being Saturday, betwixt three o’clock afternoon and Sunday’s night thereafter, there blew such a vehement tempest of wind, that it was thought to be the cause that a great many of the inhabitants of Edinburgh contracted a strange sickness, which was called Kindness. It fell out in the court, as well as sundry parts of the country, so that some people who were corpulent and aged deceased very suddenly. It continued with every one that took it three days at least.’ – Moy. R

– Domestic Annals, pp.81-98.

It does not appear what success the provost had in his mission. Probably none, for it was well known that the city was at that time far from being well affected to the Stewart dynasty, and the covenanting leanings of so many of the citizens gave great offence. The laws against such were rigidly enforced, and soldiers were quartered on those of the inhabitants who were suspected of having entertained the “outed” ministers, or of frequenting conventicles.1 The magistrates and principal citizens were also compelled to subscribe a bond “that they their wyfes bairnes servants and coaters sall not be present at any such conventickles or disorderly meetings, but sall live orderly conforme to the Acts of Parliament.” This bond was subscribed by the Provost Campbell, three of the bailies, and the whole council, and by several merchants and tradesmen. The total number who subscribed, however, was only 153. The Privy Council on this occasion sat for some time in Glasgow, and, to the scandal of the citizens, transacted business on Sunday in the fore hall of the college during the hours of divine service, while those of the inhabitants who refused to sign were being plundered by the soldiers.

– Old Glasgow, pp.162-175. 

1  Minute of Council, 25th June, 1674.

There is an entry of “the sowme of twelfe hundreth threttie sex pounds (£103) payit for French wynes given be the toun to the archbishop of Glasgw and utheris this last yeir.”1

– Old Glasgow, pp.215-237.

1  25th June, 1681.
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