St Mark, bishop of Jerusalem, confessor, 2d century. St Philip, bishop of Heraclea, and companions, martyrs, 304. Saints Nunilo and Alodia, virgins and martyrs, in Spain, 9th century. St Donatus, bishop of Fiesoli, in Tuscany, confessor, 9th century.
Born. – John Reinhold Forster, traveller and naturalist, 1729, Dirschau, West Prussia; Sir Philip Francis, reputed author of the Letters of Junius, 1740, Dublin; Dr Alexander Murray, distinguished orientalist, 1775, Dunkitterick, Kirkcudbright.
Died. – Charles Martel, vanquisher of the Saracens, 741, France; John David Michælis, biblical critic, 1791, Gottingen; Louis Spohr, celebrated composer, 1859, Cassel.
On this Day in Other Sources.
When King James VI., having celebrated his marriage with Anne of Denmark, on the 22nd October, 1589, was about to return home, he wrote one of his characteristic epistles to the Provost, Alexander Clark of Balbirnie:- “Here we are drinking and driving in the auld way,” and adding, “for God’s sake see a’ the things are richt at our hame-coming.” James did not wish to be exposed in the eyes of his foreign attendants, and he alludes especially to the removal of the numerous middens, the repair of the roads and streets, and also the expected hospital of the city, as we find that soon after the inhabitants were assessed to support the queen and her retinue till Holyrood Palace was prepared to receive her. They were also compelled to defray their proportion of the expense of his return.
– Old and New Edinburgh, pp.191-198.
In the latter part of 1589, James effected his marriage with the Princess Anne of Denmark. His young bride being detained in Norway for the winter, in consequence of a storm, he sailed for that country (October 22), and solemnised his nuptials at Upslo (now Christiania).
Oct. 22. – The king hearing of the detention of his bride by stormy weather, resolved to go to Denmark to bring her home. On the day noted, he set sail, with other five ships in company, and after outriding a gale for some time in the Firth of Forth, proceeded on his course with fair winds. Landing on the 28th at Flaikray, in Norway, he, after somedays’ rest, commenced a difficult land journey to Upslo – now Christiania – where the princess had taken up her residence for the winter. ‘Immediately at his coming, [he] passed quietly with buits and all to her hieness… he minded to give her a kiss after the Scots fashion, whilk she refusit, as not being the fashion of her country. Marry, after a few words spoken privily betwixt his majesty and her, there passed familiarity and kisses.’1 They were married four days after at Upslo, and spent the remainder of the winter in Denmark.
– Domestic Annals, pp.99-123.
1 Moysie’s Memoirs.
ADVYCE gevin be the LORDS of his MAIESTIES PRIUIE COUNSAILL to the LAIRD of CADDELL his MAIESTIES LIEUTENANT in ILA anent his procedingis in executione of his MAIESTIES COMMISSIOUNE aganis the REBELLIS detenaris of DUNAVAIG 22 October 1614.
Since his Maiestie hes trustit yow with this charge and hes tane so substantious ordour for furnessing sex canones with all requesit provisiounes and twa hundred waiged souldiers to assist yow in that charge, it is expedient that ye prepair sufficient number of able and weill armed men to serue yow in this imployment, with all necessars requesite for assidging the hous of Dunavaig and persuite of his Maiesties rebelles be sea and land, so as no prouisioune of airmes poulder victuall bullet fewall boates nor uther necessars meit for that seruice be lakking, to the effect that his Maiesties Inglisch companies quho ar to sie and obserue your actiounes may find no defect of things necessar and semelie for a man trustit with so honourable a charge.
In your going to Glesgow delyver to the Archbischope and to the prouest and bailyeis our letter, and confer wyth thame anent the best and reddiest meanis to moue sum honest and responsall merchandis of ther toune or cuntrie to carie sum flour or good biscuite with sufficient store of good aitmeill and good drinking beir, gif it may be had, and failying thairof gude aile that will keip weill, with salt and coales to be transportit be schip to Ila, for furneissing of his Maiesties Inglisch souldieris at reasonable rates and reddie payment to be maid be the saidis souldieris, wyth assurance to the merchandis that gif ony accident mak thair voyage not be sufficientlie proffitable to thame, that such consideratioun sall be had and acknowledgement gevin to thame for thair losses be my Lord Thesaurar depute, as be informatioune from my Lord of Glesgow and the magistrates of that burgh to the Lords of secret counsell sall be fund reasonable.
Be cairfull to understand the dyet of his Maiesties companies to be sent to Ila with the cannone, and keip correspondence be letter and messages with the Lord Depute of Irland and thair commandaris, useing all diligence to be in the ile with your forces befoir thair comeing thither, to the effect that gif it pleis God you may end the seruice to your honour and his Maiesties thankes befoir thair comeing, and so spairing thair travell and his Maiesties chairges, yow may merite the more favour from his Maiestie.
And if thay come to the ile, tak strict ordour that your people abstene from geving thame ony offence be word or deid, and be the contrarie, command thame to dispose thame selues to gif the souldieris all conforte aid and freindlie assistance; and quhateuer salbe necessar ather for advancement of the seruice or thar reasonable eas and releiffe may be procured with all diligence and to that effect that your men boates and all freinlie menis be reddilie imployed.
It is necessar that according to his Maiesties directioune the hous be of new chairged solemnelie and ordourlie, as als that the detenaris and refusaris to randir be denunced rebellis.
Yow must also chairge the tennentis of the ile to compeir befoir the Counsale and find cautioune to obserue his Maiesties peace, and for thair compeirance so ofte as thay sall be chairged.
Such of the rebellis as God sall bring in your handis, yow must be cairfull to examine thame verrie exactlie for discouerie of the persones quho wer upoune the first deuyce of thair treasonable rebellioune and taking the hous of Duneveg, and who hes sensyne incuraged thame be counsell help or assistance to persist in thair rebellioune.
Use all possible cair and dexteritie to retire saiflie out of thair hands the Laird of Ranforlie and the bischope of the Iles sone.
If ather thair yeilding or force sall bring the hous in your powar, place thairin ane sufficient number of faithfull and skilfull men to quhome ye may trust the saife keiping of that hous quhill his Maiesties pleasour may be knawin, and let thame be furnessed with all necessares that may inhable thame to keip it.
Becaus thair is ane number in the cuntrie quho haifeing assistit the traitoris ar not in the hous, which is not able to conteane the whole number, be cairfull to apprehend als many of these as yow can and use thame as thay haue deserved.
Yow know his Maiesties mynd anent the principall rebellis.
Befoir yow leiue the ile setle perfyt ordour for establisching and mantening his Maiesties peice and obedience in it, and for protecting the peaceable inhabitantis from uniurie.
It is expected that ye will try thair consultatiounes aganis the bischoppe of the Iles his Maiesties Lieutennent, and all that usit disobedience rebellioune and violence aganis him, and proceid with thame as ye sall think expedient for his Maiesties honour and obedience.
If the rebellis leiue the hous and ile, and flie to any uther pairte of the iles or hielandis for thair saifetie, use your utermost endevour for thair searche and apprehensione, and if ye learne of thair going to Ireland or any other pairt of his Maiesties dominiounis, adverteis such as hes chairge from his Maiestie of the places of thair refuge, that thay may be persewed and apprehendit.
Suche of the cuntrie people as haue accompanied the rebelles or furnessed thame of commoditeis or intercommoned with thame, not voluntarlie bot be compulsione or just fear, must be used with discretione and reasonable fauour.
Faile not to send verrie frequent advertismentis to the Counsell of all your proceidingis and of your good succes in your chairge, quhilk we pray God to prosper.
SIR W. OLIPHANT.
THE LIEUTENNENTIS COMMISSIOUN OF JUSTICIARE, &c. (Abridged.)
JAMES, &c. Forsamekle as Angus Oig Mcconeill sone to umquhile Angus Mcconeill callit of Dunaveig according to the unhappie trade of his wicked predecessouries, hauing resoluit auther be force or policye to disturb the peace and quiet of the yllis, in the monethe of March last, causit his awne bastard brother Rnald Oig Mcconeill treasonablie to surprise and take oure castell of Dunavaig in Yla frae the reverend father in God Andro bishop of the ylis who had the keiping thairof; and the said Angus falslie pretending that he wald do some piece of service to us by recoverie of the said house from his said brother, whom he onlie usit as ane instrument to be the first authour of his rebellioun, he in a simulat manner maid a pretendit persute and assedgeing of the said house, and the same being recoverit, he to gif a forder schaw and appeirance of the sincerite of his proceidyngis, causit four of the said Ronald his compliceis to be schaimfully murdreit and slane. The said Angus has also treasonablie refusit to rendir the said hous, quhen he was chargeit be our utheris letteris, for the quhilk he and his compliceis ar denuncit our rebellis and put to our horne. And immediatlie therefter they fortifeit the said castell with men victuall powder and bullett, and hes keipit the same as he dois yet as ane house of warre agains us and our authoritie. And whereas it wes falslie pretendit be him and his complices that thair keeping of the said hus procedit upon feare that the taking thereof without commissioun micht bring them in danger of our law, we for removing all such suspitioun, wes graciuslie plesit to grant unto thame oure fauour and pardoun for all thair bigane offensis conditionale that they wald rander the said house to the said bischop as oure lieutennent conforme to thair promissis. And the said bischop haueing laitlie in the moneth of September last, past to Yla, and looking that thay wald haue renderit thair obedience to us and maid deliuerance of oure castell, thay did not onlie most undewtifullie reiect and contempne oure grace, but to oure forder contempt, they and Ronnald McJames Mcdonald, Donald Gorme his sone, Ronnald Oig Mcallaster, Johnne Mcconeill, Ronnald Mcsoirle, Soirll McCrume, Malcoum Mcilfersane, Hector Mccaishe – Mceane sometyme Mr houshald to umquhile Angus Mcconeill of Dunnyvaig, Coill Mcronnald, Archibald Mcronnald, Soirll Mcallister, Malcolm Mcleod, Allaster Mceane, Angus Mcachane alias Mcallaster, who are all combyned in this rebellioun, did amasse togidder and associat unto thame selffis the haill inhabitantis of the maist part of our ile of Yla, and first haueing most falslie and treacherouslie haldin the said bishop in fair termes, as gif nothing had bene intendit be thame bot in all humilitie to seik peace, in end quhen thair haill power and forceis wer joynd togidder to the number of sevin or aucht score of personis, thay than in the nicht addrest thame selffis to the pairt quhar the said bischop and his company lay, and first they brak his haill boitis, and than lay about the bischop and his company all that nicht, and upon the morne, thay in oppin hostilitie kythit thame selffis aganis him with mony threatening speitches to haue massacred him and his company, and in end forceit him to rander unto thame [Thomas] Knox his awne sone and [John] Knox of Ranpherlie his nephew as pledgeis that he sould do and performe such conditionis as that inioyned unto him. And we understanding the food affectioun and willing dispositioun of oure richt trustie and weilbelouit Sir Johnne Campbell of Caddell knycht to do us seruice, thairfore we with aduice of the lordis of oure secrite counsaill haue maid the said Sir Johnne oure Lieutennent and Justice within the haill boundis of Yla, geuand to him oure full commissioun to convocat our leigeis in airmes, to deuyde thame in seurall companyis, to appoint capitanis and comanderis over thame, and to conduct direct and lead thame to Yla, and thair to follow and persew with fyre and sword the said Angus Oig Mcconeil Coil Mcgillespick and remanent personis, and to commit thame to waird quhill justice be ministrat upoun thame, and siklyke to persew and strenthis quhairinto the saids traytoris sal happin to flee, and to raise fyre and use all kynd of force for winning and recouerie thairof; and gif in persute of the saidis rebellis, it sal happin the saidis rebellis to be hurte slane or mutilat, we will and declair that the samin sall not be impute as cryme nor offence to oure said lieutennent; and we dispensis… lieutennent and justice courtis within the saidis boundis at quhatsumeuer tymes and places conuenient, all and sundrie personis apprehendit be him to call, be dittay to accuse, and thame to the knawledge of ane assyse to put, and to caus justice be ministrat upoun thame: With power alsua to oure said lieutennent to tak ordoure how oure said cuntrey of Yla may be retenit and halden under oure obnedience, and to appoint constables and keiparis in oure said castell of Dunnyvaig: With power alsua to him to tak ordoure that no boitis gallayis umfaddis scautis nor birlingis go oute of Yla, and generallie all uther thinis requisite to do and use… Geuin under oure signet at Edinburgh 22 October 1614.
Per actum secreti consilii.
J. A. PRYMROIS.
– Sketches, Appendix X.
Even in cases of separation between man and wife the kirk session of Glasgow took it upon them to exercise jurisdiction. One occasion is recorded when there came before them two married persons “who declare they are content to separate one from another till God send more love into their hearts;” and the man having undertaken to give the wife a small yearly allowance, “the session consent to this.”1
– Old Glasgow, pp.189-215.
1 22d October, 1635.
Glasgow was in early times a bright and cheerful city; and before the end of the seventeenth century, by which time much of the “nestines” had disappeared, it was, as regards general cleanliness, in advance of every other town in Scotland – Edinburgh not excepted. This is the testimony borne by all early travellers who visited the city, and, what is curious, they nearly all concur in describing the town itself as more beautiful than the capital. One writer, who was with the army of Cromwell when it occupied Glasgow, says: “The toun of Glascow, though not so big nor so rich, yet to all seems a much sweeter and more deyghtful place than Edinburgh.”1
– Old Glasgow, pp.266-276.