27th of November

St James, surnamed Intercisus, martyr, 421. St Maharsapor, martyr, 421. St Secundin or Seachnal, bishop of Dunseachlin or Dunsaghlin, in Meath, 447. St Maximus, bishop of Riez, confessor, about 460. St Virgil, bishop of Saltzburg, confessor, 784.

Born. – Françoise d’Aubigné, Marquise de Maintenon, second consort of Louis XIV., 1635, Niort; Henri François d’Aguesseau, chancellor of France, 1668, Limoges; John Murray, publisher, 1778.
Died. – Horace, lyric and satirical poet, 8 B.C.; Clovis, first king of France, 511, Paris; Maurice, Roman emperor, beheaded at Chalcedon, 602; Louis, Chevalier de Rohan, executed at Paris for conspiracy, 1674.

On this Day in Other Sources.

The Regent, by proclamation, the 27 of November, this year, [1567,] inhibits the wearing of guns and pistols, under the pain of death, by any subject within the realm, the King’s guard only excepted. 

– Historical Works, pp.340-416.

The Popish Lords were reconciled to the King’s favour; and the act of abolition made in their favour [was] proclaimed at Edinburgh cross by a pursuant, [on the] 27 of November [1593]

– Historical Works, pp.340-416.

On the 27th of November 1600, a number of persons were denounced and intercommuned for taking away the daughter of George Carkettle, burgess of Edinburgh, ‘furth of his awn house of Monkrig, where she was for the time [living] with her mother in peaceable and quiet manner.’ It afterwards appeared that the chief guilty party was Robert Hepburn of Alderston, in East Lothian. – P. C. R.

– Domestic Annals, pp.124-176.

With the privileges derived from their superior’s enlarged jurisdiction, and by the influence of increasing wealth and consequence, Glasgow had made some approach to an independent constitution before the reformation.1 The flight of the archbishop gave an opportunity not to be neglected. The council proceeded to the election of magistrates,2 and the burgh then, in fact, achieved its independence, though still for some time subjected to claims of superiority by the Protestant archbishops, and by the family of Lennox, the heritable bailies of the regality.3

 – Sketches, pp.29-70.

1  This is apparent even from the care with which the archbishop in 1553 recorded the form of his selection of magistrates from the leet presented by the community. Only next year, the archbishop sued the community for “alleging itself to be doted and infeft be the bishop’s predecessors in certain privileges and liberties, and to be infeft be the kings,” and for refusing to pay certain duties to the bishop. In that suit the burgh was assoilzied. – Decree 10th Dec. 1554, in archiv. Civit. Glasg.
2  There is preserved a notarial instrument, ult. Sept. 1561, setting forth that search had been made by the town of Glasgow for the archbishop, in order to the election of magistrates, and protesting that, he being absent, the council may elect. – Ibid.
3  There is a royal letter, subscribed also by the Duke of Lennox, “overgiving the Duke’s claim of superioritye in the election of the magistrates of the burgh,” dated at Hampton Court, 27th November 1605. – Ibid. But in the same archives there are many documents showing that the disputes concerning the election of magistrates continued for many years. In 1655, Esme Duke of Lennox was served heir to his father in “the title of nomination and election of the proveist, baillies, and other magistrates and officers of the burgh and citie of Glasgou.” – Ret. Lan. 259.

The summer ‘produced ripe wine-berries and grapes, and abundance of Scotch chestanes openly sauld in the Mercat Cross of Edinburgh, and baken in pasties at banquets.’ – Nic

The weather, strange to say, remained of the same character all the latter part of the year, so that fruit-trees had a second blossoming in November, and some of them brought forth fruit, ‘albeit not in perfection.’ The furze and broom bloomed again; the violet, not due till March, presented its modest head in November. Birds began to build their nests, and lay eggs, at or near Martinmas, and salads and sybows were cried and sold in Edinburgh on the 27th of November [1652]. – Nic

– Domestic Annals, pp.278-301.

That if either Mr. John or his son James had a daughter Agnes, she could not carry Foulden to any one – still less could Agnes, daughter of the Sir John who lived about Lanark, or Mary the daughter of the other Sir John of Berwick, as she died a child under ten.1

– Scots Lore, pp.141-148.

1 To increase the confusion, in the Complete Peerage of “G. E. C.”, James !st lord Carmichael, so created 27 Dec., 1647, who died 27 Nov., 1672, at 94 (thus born 1578), is said to have married Agnes, sister of John Wilkie of Foulden – the date or authority not given.

Dr. Anderson also quotes Maitland (1757) and Cordiner (1776), and a description “by Mr. James Anderson, in a paper read before the Society of Antiquaries of London, 27th November, 1777, and published in their Archaeologia, vol. v. p. 241.” It is interesting to find that so many descriptions are extant of a broch that has now wholly disappeared. 

– Scots Lore, pp.280-282.




Magnæ Britanniæ, Franciæ, & Hiberniæ,


     At the Parliament begun and holden at Westminster, the Thirty-first Day of October, Anno Domini 1780, in the Twenty-first Year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord GEORGE the Third, by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, King, Defender of Faith, &c. 

     And from thence continued, by several Prorogations, to the Twenty-seventh Day of November, 1781; being the Second Session of the Fifteenth Parliament of Great Britain



Printers to the King’s Most Excellent Majesty.   1782.


Georgii III. Regis.



     An Act to repeal so much of an Act, made in the Nineteenth Year of King George the Second, (for the more effectual disarming the Highlands in Scotland, and for the other Purposes therein mentioned), as restrains the Use of the Highland Dress. 

– Acts Relating to Scotland, George III., 21st Year, Chapter 63, 1782.

Joseph Stevenson, one of the great historical scholars of the century, whose labours amongst British records effectively began something like 70 years ago [was b]orn on 27th November, 1806, his life had been a long devotion to research. The volume of his achievement as editor, translator, and author is not so notable from its being large – although by no means all comprised in the forty-six entries in the British Museum catalogue opposite his name – as from its qualities of accuracy and thoroughness. 

– Scots Lore, pp.121-124.

A sudden desiccation of stoppage of the flow of rivers is a phenomenon not unknown to modern science. The rivers Teviot, Clyde, and Nith were all of them reduced, on the 27th of November 1838, to such a smallness that the mills everywhere ceased to work. The small feeding-streams were observed on this occasion to be completely dried up. The phenomenon was variously attributed to an earthquake (though none was felt), to a high wind obstructing the current, and to a frost. Mr David Milne made some careful inquiries into the subject, and ascertained that on the previous evening the thermometer had suddenly sunk to 26 degrees all over the south of Scotland, producing a very low temperature. He considered the depletion to be caused by the frost arresting the small rills in the upper parts of the rivers, and yet not sufficient to prevent the water further down from flowing away.1

– Domestic Annals, pp.228-256.

1  Ed. Phil. Journal, Apr. 1839.

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