This is the timeline as given by Miss Corner as a conclusion to her ‘History of Scotland‘ (1851).
Pre-80 C.E. Settlement of the Gael of Kelts in Scotland, – arrival of the Picts or Pechts from Scandinavia.
80 to 85. Invasion of Scotland by the Romans, under Agricola.
209. Second Invasion, by the emperor Severus.
258. Scots or Attacotti from Ireland settled in Argyll.
410. Departure of the Romans.
abt. 470. Fergus led a colony of Scots from Ireland to Argyll.
565. Christianity introduced into Scotland.
595. Death of St. Columba.
after 617. Edinburgh supposed to have been founded by Edwin, king of Northumbria.
842 or 843. Union of the Picts and Scots under Kenneth II.
910. Settlements of the Danes or Northmen in the Orkney and Shetland Isles.
1040. Murder of king Duncan I. and accession of Macbeth.
1056. Death of Macbeth, succeeded by Malcolm III.
1093. Malcolm killed at the Siege of Alnwick.
Donald Bane chosen king.
1094. Donald deposed; and Duncan II. made king.
Assassination of Duncan, and restoration of Donald.
1097. Accession of Edgar.
1106. Accession of Alexander I.
1124. Death of Alexander, succeeded by David I.
abt. 1130. Erection of the Cathedral of St. Magnus.
1153. Death of David, succeeded by Malcolm IV.
1159. Sweyn, a famous Danish Pirate, killed in an attack on Dublin.
1165. Accession of William the Lion.
1214. Alexander II. ascended the throne.
1249. Alexander III.
1263. Defeat of Haco, king of Norway, by Alexander III. in the Battle of Largs.
1270. The Western Isles sold to Alexander, by the king of Norway.
1286. Death of Alexander III.
1290. Death of his heiress, Margaret, of Norway.
1292. Interregnum. – Disputes about the succession to the Crown.
John Balliol appointed king, by Edward I. of England, the Umpire.
1295. Treaty between the Scots and Philip IV. of France.
1296. Invasion of Scotland by Edward I.
1297. Resignation of the Scottish Crown, by Balliol.
1298. The English defeated at Falkirk, by William Wallace, Guardian of Scotland.
1304. Wallace taken prisoner, and executed.
1305. Robert Bruce claimed the kingdom.
1306. Assassination of the Regent, John Comyn.
Coronation of Robert Bruce.
War with England.
1307. Death of Edward I.
1314. Defeat of the English at Bannockburn.
1329. Death of Robert Bruce, succeeded by his son David II.
The Crown claimed by Edward Balliol.
1332. Defeat of the Regent of Scotland, at Dupplin Moor, by Balliol.
1333. The Scots defeated at Halidon Hill.
1341. David II., a minor at his accession, assumed the government.
1346. David defeated and taken prisoner by the English at the battle of Nevill’s Cross.
1358. Ransomed, and restored to liberty.
1370. Death of David II.
Accession of Robert Stuart.
1388. Battle of Otterbourne.
1390. Robert III. became king.
Civil wars in Scotland.
1406. Death of Robert III.
1406 to 1424. Regency of the Dukes of Albany.
1424. May 21 – Coronation of James I.
1437. Assassination of James I., and accession of James II.
1460. Death of James II., succeeded by James III.
1487. Insurrection against James III., and his assassination.
Accession of James IV.
1502. Insurrection in the Western Isles.
1511. Death of Sir Andrew Barton.
1513. James IV. defeated and slain at the battle of Flodden.
Accession of James V.
1542. Death of king James; and birth of his heiress, Mary.
1558. Marriage of Mary Queen of Scots with Francis, Dauphin, and afterwards King, of France.
1559. Insurrection of the Scots Protestants.
1560. Return of Mary from France to Scotland.
1564. Her (2nd) marriage, with Lord Darnley.
Assassination of David Rizzio.
Murder of Lord Darnley.
The queen’s (3rd) marriage, with Lord Bothwell.
1568. Her flight to England.
1587. Execution of Mary, Queen of Scots.
1603. Death of Queen Elizabeth, and accession of James VI. to the throne of England.
1625. Death of James, succeeded by Charles I.
1639. Insurrection of the Scots Covenanter5s, or Presbyterians, and their Invasion of England.
1649. Execution of Charles I.
1650. Charles II., proclaimed King of Scotland.
1651. Defeat of the Royalists, by Cromwell, in the battle of Worcester.
1660. Restoration of Charles II.
Execution of the Marquis of Argyll.
Assassination of Archbishop Sharpe.
1679. Battle of Bothwell Bridge.
Massacre of Glencoe.
1715. Invasion of Scotland, by the Earl of Mar.
1736. Insurrection of Scotland, by the Earl of Mar.
1745. Rebellion in Scotland.
1746. Defeat of the Rebels at Culloden.
1834. Disputes relative to the patronage of Church Livings: the Veto Act.
1839. The Act declared illegal, by the House of Lords.
1842. Schism in the Church of Scotland.
One thought on “Chronological Table to the History of Scotland.”