13th of April

St Hermengild, martyr, 586. St Guinoch, of Scotland, 9th century. St Caradoc, priest and martyr, 1124.

 

Born. – Jean Pierre Crousaz, Swiss divine, philosopher, and mathematician, 1663, Lausanne; Philip Louis, Duke of Orleans, 1747, St Cloud
Died. – Henry, Duke of Rohan, French military commander, 1638, Switzerland; Charles Leslie, controversialist, 1722, Glaslough; George Frederick Handel, musical composer, 1759; Captain Hugh Clapperton, traveller, 1827; Sydney Lady Morgan, miscellaneous writer, 1859, London.

 

On this Day in Other Sources.

 

Having sent for Knox, to meet her, at Lochleven, he had an interview with her here, on the 13th of April [1563,] when she desired him, to endeavour to reconcile the Earl, and Countess of Argyle: On the morrow, he again met the Queen, at the hawking, on the westward of Kinross. 

– Life of Mary, pp.78-98.

 

From WYE’S LETTER, April 11.

   Remainder of the Protest (beforemention’d) entered against passing the Salt Bill, viz.

   Because as this Excise is proposed, without apparent Necessity or Conveniency to the Publick, or even any real Advantage (as is suggested) to the Landed Interest, it must necessarily create a Jealousy in the People, that it is a Step and Introduction to a more general one; than which nothing can be more odious and dreaded, but a standing Army, that must necessarily attend the Execution of it. Because Scotland being charged only with One Shilling per Bushel on Salt, which is not a third Part of the Duty, introduceth an inequality in Trade, contrary to that which seems established by the Articles of the Union, and tends to keep up invidious Distinctions between the two Parts of the United Kingdom. It may justly be doubted, if the Exemptions from the Duty of the Time of the Union is a sufficient Reason for the like now; since the Duty was appropriated to the Debts of England, contracted before, and is now revived for the current Service of this Year, yet under the Appearance of Favour; the People of Scotland will at least, pay in three Years, the full Sum of 24,672 l. for the saving of One Shilling in the Land Tax in the current Year, amounting to less than 12000 l…” 

– Derby Mercury, Thursday 13th April, 1732.

– Treaty of Union Articles, 1700-1750.

 

The old Physic Garden, which had been [James Sutherland’s] own, eastward of the bridge, continued to be used as such till the time when the chair of botany was occupied by Dr. John Hope, who was born at Edinburgh in 1725, and was the grandson of Sir Alexander Hope, Lord Rankeillor. On the 13th April, 1761, he was appointed king’s botanist for Scotland, and elected a few days after, by the town council, Professor of materia medica, and of botany. 

Old and New Edinburgh, pp.359-363.

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