The Asteria, or Star-Fish, p.350.

[Three Hundred Animals Contents]    ALSO a middle-being between vegetation and animality, is often found adhering to rocks on the sea shores. They have a slow and progressive motion, and, like the Polypus, if cut into several pieces, have the property of forming again new limbs, and thereby becoming a whole individual. The common species … Continue reading The Asteria, or Star-Fish, p.350.

The Coral and Corallines, pp.349-350.

[Three Hundred Animals Contents]    HAVE been long supposed to be vegetable marine productions, and, indeed, their ramifications and progressive growth give to them so much the appearance of a plant, that it is no wonder if they have been, for so many centuries, classed among the children of mere vegetation. However, it has been … Continue reading The Coral and Corallines, pp.349-350.

The Beetle and Ear-Wig, pp.344-345.

[Three Hundred Animals Contents]    SCARABŒUS, is the generic name for the whole tribe of beetles. The characters of the genus are, two transparent wings, covered with cases; they are produced from eggs, in the shape of grubs, then change into chrysalises, and soon arrive at the form of beetle. There are many different species … Continue reading The Beetle and Ear-Wig, pp.344-345.

The Aphis, or Tree-Louse, pp.342-344.

[Three Hundred Animals Contents]    TWO fundamental laws of nature rule the whole of animated beings. They have for their ultimate scope the preservation of the species in general, and that of every individual in particular. To the first of these admirable laws we must refer all the trouble which the female, in every kind … Continue reading The Aphis, or Tree-Louse, pp.342-344.

The Wasp, Bee, and Lady Cow, pp.339-341.

[Three Hundred Animals Contents]    THE Wasp is a very fierce, dangerous, and most rapacious insect; it is much larger than the bee, and furnished with a powerful sting. The belly is striped with yellow and black. They make a curious hive, which they hang at the top of a barn or other place, and … Continue reading The Wasp, Bee, and Lady Cow, pp.339-341.

The Stag Beetle, or Lucanus, pp.338-339.

[Three Hundred Animals Contents]    IS a very curious insect, having upon its head two horns, not unlike the smaller prongs of a lobster’s claw, which meet together at the end and pinch severely whatever they can get hold of. They have a largish corselet, armed on the sides with points, and the body contains … Continue reading The Stag Beetle, or Lucanus, pp.338-339.

The Locust, Cricket, and Mole Cricket, pp.333-336.

[Three Hundred Animals Contents]    THE Locust is a voracious insect well-known in Egypt and all the coast of Barbary, where they are found in such a quantity, that when they take their flight they obscure the air, and appear like a cloud of several hundred yards square. Wherever they alight, devastation and misery follow … Continue reading The Locust, Cricket, and Mole Cricket, pp.333-336.

The Common Fly, Spider, and Death Watch, pp.331-333.

[Three Hundred Animals Contents]    THE Fly, although the most numerous, most common, and domesticated, is perhaps the least known of insects as to its general habits. They appear in a troublesome number in the beginning of warm-weather, and remain with us, preying on tables, staining our mirrors and ceilings, till September, when they get … Continue reading The Common Fly, Spider, and Death Watch, pp.331-333.

The Bug, Ant, Glow-Worm, Gnat, and Antlion, pp.323-330.

[Three Hundred Animals Contents]    THE Bug is a worse insect than the two foregoing, for although it deserves death for its troublesome depredations on our very blood, yet he punishes us for the deed, leaving a strong and nauseous smell. They hide themselves so curiously in bed-posts and wooden partitions of houses, that when … Continue reading The Bug, Ant, Glow-Worm, Gnat, and Antlion, pp.323-330.

The Louse and Flea, pp.319-323.

[Three Hundred Animals Contents]    THE Louse is an insect of the order of the aptera, that is to say, those that have no wings. Several animals are pestered by that or similar kind of vermin, and every one is different according to the substance upon which it feeds. The human Louse deserves a particular … Continue reading The Louse and Flea, pp.319-323.

Caterpillar, Chrysalis, and Butterfly, pp.315-319.

[Three Hundred Animals Contents]    IT would be a considerable task to enumerate, and a much greater one to describe, every insect which obtains these names. Every bush, every tree, every plant, has its assigned Caterpillar, or an insect nearly of the same nature; and that which lives on the nettle could no more feed … Continue reading Caterpillar, Chrysalis, and Butterfly, pp.315-319.

Worms, p.314.

[Three Hundred Animals Contents]    These creatures constitute a class by themselves, under the name of Vermes, in the voluminous works of nomenclators. They are generally divided into four orders, which embrace the whole of these innumerable tribes which swarm and pullulate nearly every where. The Worm is distinguished from the caterpillar and maggot, on … Continue reading Worms, p.314.

The Amphisbæna, p.310.

[Three Hundred Animals Contents]    A serpent of a harmless nature, being destitute of those fangs which prepare the venom in similar animals. It moves backwards and forwards with equal facility, and each extremity of his body is of an equal thickness, which has given occasion to the story that this animal has [two] heads. … Continue reading The Amphisbæna, p.310.

Serpents, pp.301-305.

[Three Hundred Animals Contents] “Their faming crests above the waves they show;  Their bellies seem to burn the seas below;  Their speckled tails advance to steer their course,  And on the sounding shore the flying billows force.  And now the strand, and now the plain they held;  Their ardent eyes with bloody streaks were fill’d,  … Continue reading Serpents, pp.301-305.

James Scott Skinner’s Music

[Old Scottish Music Contents] Paul Burns has reproduced in his inimitable way for us some of James Scott Skinner's Music. - This tune is by James Scott Skinner (5th August, 1843 - 17th March, 1927), who was a Scottish dancing master, violinist, fiddler and composer. He is considered to be one of the most influential fiddlers in Scottish traditional music, … Continue reading James Scott Skinner’s Music

William Marshall’s Music

[Guest Articles Contents] Here Paul Burns has given us his brilliant reproductions of William Marshall's music. - After corresponding upon the topic of Ballindalloch Castle, Paul sent me these with the notes attached; I can now give you the two tunes with that name. Tune 1 is by William Marshall (27th December, 1748 - 29th May, … Continue reading William Marshall’s Music

Niel Gow’s Music

[Old Scottish Music Contents] Here we have some excellent examples from Paul Burns of Niel Gow's music. - Firstly, Paul has for us, Coilsfield House, for which he gives some background, "Coilsfield House, Ayrshire - The estate was acquired circa 1640 by the 6th Earl of Eglinton for his fourth son, the Honourable Colonel James … Continue reading Niel Gow’s Music

The Limpet, pp.299-300.

[Three Hundred Animals Contents]    IS an univalve shell-fish, the shape of which is pyramidal; it adheres to the rock with such strength that no human force can make him leave his hold, unless it is crushed by a strong blow. The apex of the shell is sometimes sharp, sometimes obtuse, and often surrounded with … Continue reading The Limpet, pp.299-300.

The Snipe and Wilk, p.298-299.

[Three Hundred Animals Contents]    THE Snipe, a shell fish, so called on account of the curious length of a certain prominency coming out of the shell. It is surrounded with blunt prickles, and the colour of the whole is elegantly variegated.  The Wilk.     BELONGS to the family of the Turbines. It is the … Continue reading The Snipe and Wilk, p.298-299.

The Muscle and Admiral, pp.297-298.

[Three Hundred Animals Contents]    LIKE the oyster, the Muscle inhabits a bivalve shell, to which he adheres, as others of that species, by a strong cartilaginous tye. His name means in Latin a small rat, from the shape of the fish. The shells of several muscles are beautiful; some of them, chiefly those of … Continue reading The Muscle and Admiral, pp.297-298.

The Sea-Tortoise, or Turtle, pp.259-260.

[Three Hundred Animals Contents]    IS reckoned a very delicate food, specially the green, and the logger head. Some of them are so large that they weigh near four hundred pounds, and some eight hundred pounds. They generally ascend from the sea, and crawl on the beach, either for food or for laying their eggs, … Continue reading The Sea-Tortoise, or Turtle, pp.259-260.

Sea Unicorn, or Narval, pp.285-287.

[Three Hundred Animals Contents]    A CETACEOUS fish caught in the icy sea, and very remarkable for a horn or tooth of seven or eight feet in length, proceeding from the nose; it is white like ivory and curiously wreathed and twisted; the substance is still much heavier than ivory or any sort of bone, … Continue reading Sea Unicorn, or Narval, pp.285-287.

The Perch, or, Pearch, pp.282-283.

[Three Hundred Animals Contents]    SELDOM grows to any great size, and the largest of which we have any account is said to have weighed nine pounds. The body is deep, the scales rough, the back arched, and the side lines placed near the back. For beauties of colours, the Perch vies with the gaudiest … Continue reading The Perch, or, Pearch, pp.282-283.

The Flying Scorpion, pp.276-277.

[Three Hundred Animals Contents]    How admirable is nature! how extensive her power, and how various the forms with which she has surrounded the united elements of animated matter! From the uncouth shape of the wallowing whale, of the unwieldly hippopotamus, or ponderous elephant, to the light and elegant form of the painted moth or … Continue reading The Flying Scorpion, pp.276-277.

The Cavallo-Marino, or Sea-horse, p.258.

[Three Hundred Animals Contents]    IS a small fish of a curious shape. The length is about two inches; the head bears some resemblance to that of a horse, whence originates its name; a long dorsal fin runs from the head to the tail, which is spirally turned inside. They are often seen in cabinets … Continue reading The Cavallo-Marino, or Sea-horse, p.258.

The Gold Fish, pp.254-255.

[Three Hundred Animals Contents]    IS very beautiful, about the same size and shape as the silver fish, except that it has not such long fins. This animal was originally brought from China, and first introduced into England in 1661; but they are now become quite common in this kingdom, and will breed as freely … Continue reading The Gold Fish, pp.254-255.

The Char, or Gilt Charre, pp.247-248.

[Three Hundred Animals Contents]    IS not unlike the trout; the scales are very small; the colour of the back varied with spots; the belly white, the snout bluish. This fish is esteemed very delicate by all nations, and chiefly by the Italians. They have it plentifully in Lago di Gardo, near Venice, and it … Continue reading The Char, or Gilt Charre, pp.247-248.

The Sturgeon, pp.241-242.

[Three Hundred Animals Contents]    SOMETIMES grows to the length of eighteen feet, and has been found to weigh five hundred pounds. It has along slender pointed nose, small eyes, and a small mouth, destitute of teeth, placed beneath and unsupported by the maxillæ; so that when the animal is dead the mouth remains always … Continue reading The Sturgeon, pp.241-242.

The Porpesse, Porpus, or Porpoise, pp.240-241.

[Three Hundred Animals Contents]    RESEMBLES the dolphin in outward appearance, but in fact is essentially different. The length of the Porpesse is, from the tip of the snout to the end of the tail, three or four feet; and the width about two feet and a half. The figure of the whole body is … Continue reading The Porpesse, Porpus, or Porpoise, pp.240-241.

The Turbot, pp.237-238.

[Three Hundred Animals Contents]    IS a well known and much esteemed fish for the delicate taste, firmness, and sweetness of his flesh. Juvenal in his fourth satyre gives us a most ludicrous description of the Roman Emperor Domitian assembling the senate to decide how and with what sauce this marine monster should be eaten. … Continue reading The Turbot, pp.237-238.

The Monk Fish, or Angel Fish, pp.236-237.

[Three Hundred Animals Contents]    IS very voracious and feeds upon all kind of flat fish, as soles, flounders, &c. he is often caught on the coasts of Great Britain, and of such a size as to weigh sometimes a hundred pounds. This fish seems to be of a middle nature between the Rays and … Continue reading The Monk Fish, or Angel Fish, pp.236-237.

The Father Lasher, p.236.

[Three Hundred Animals Contents]    IT would be a comfort for the writer upon natural history to be able to give a rational and satisfactory etymology of all names; but this is, in many circumstances, utterly impossible. The whimsical denomination of Father Lasher given to this fish cannot be easily accounted for, unless we take … Continue reading The Father Lasher, p.236.

The Remora, or Sucking Fish, pp.227-228.

[Three Hundred Animals Contents]    RESEMBLES the herring; his head is thick, naked, depressed, and marked on the upper side with transverse rough lines, or striæ. The fins are seven in number; the under jaw is longer than the upper, and both furnished with teeth. He is provided by nature with a strong adhesive power, … Continue reading The Remora, or Sucking Fish, pp.227-228.

‘Notes on the Black Book of Paisley’ (1885)

[Scanned Images Contents] This came through the door courtesy of a super attentive and enthusiastic Patron who heard the Black Book of Paisley mentioned in my Updated Introduction to the Site and what we do here at Random Scottish History. It's such a fabulous find, and I believe will make for an excellent addition, which … Continue reading ‘Notes on the Black Book of Paisley’ (1885)