8th of June

St Maximinus, first Archbishop of Aix, confessor, end of 1st or beginning of 2nd century. St Gildard, or Godard, Bishop of Rouen, confessor, 6th century. St Medard, Bishop of Noyon, confessor, 6th century. St Syra, virgin, or Ireland, 7th century. St Clou, or Clodulphus, Bishop of Metz, confessor, 696.

 

Born. – John Domenic Cassini, astronomer, 1635, Perinaldo, Nice; Alexander Cagliostro, remarkable imposter, 1743, Palermo; Robert Stevenson, engineer, 1772, Glasgow
Died. – Emperor Nero, 68, Rome; Mohammed, founder of the Moslem religion, 632; Louis X. of France, 1316, Vincennes; Henry Arnauld, 1692, Angers; C. Huygens, Dutch mathematician, 1695, Hague; Princess Sophia, of Hanover, 1714, Hanover; Shah-Nâdir (Kouli Khan), usurper of the throne of Persia, murdered, 1747; Abbé John Winckelmann, antiquary, 1768, Trieste; Gottfried Augustus Bürger, German poet, 1794; Dr Richard Carmichael (writings on medical subjects), 1849, near Dublin.

 

On this Day in Other Sources.

 

The quarrels between James [III.] and his arrogant nobles deepened day by day. At last, says Godscroft, a story went abroad that it was proposed to invite them all to a banquet in the great hall of the Castle, and there cut them off root and branch! This startling rumour led to others, and all culminated in the battle of Sauchieburn, where James perished, under the dagger of an assassin, on the 8th of June, 1488 – a monarch who, more than any other of the Stuarts, contributed towards the permanent prosperity of the Scottish metropolis. “By favour of his charters its local jurisdiction was left almost exclusively in the hands of its own magistrates; on them were conferred ample powers for enacting laws for its governance, with authority in life and death – still vested in its chief magistrate – an independence which was afterwards defended amid many dangers down to the period of the Union. By his charters, also in their favour, they obtained the right, which they still hold, to all the customs of the haven and harbour of Leith, with the proprietorship of the adjacent coast, and all the roads leading thereto.” 

– Old and New Edinburgh, pp.32-47.

 

We have already seen how many preparations had been made, by Elizabeth, and by Murray, “to let slip the dogs of foreign, and of civil war.” As early as the 8th of June [1565], Elizabeth wrote to Randolph, that she would support Murray, in his opposition to Mary’s marriage. 

– Life of Mary, pp.98-126.

 

From the day here noted to the 8th of June [1572], the war between the queen’s party in Edinburgh and the king’s beyond the city was conducted on the principle of No quarter. All who were taken on either side were presently put to death. The common belief was, that this frightful system originated with Morton, who conceived that by such severity the war would sooner cease. In the end, both parties, ‘wearied of execution daily made, were content to cease from such rigour, and use fair wars, as in former times.’ – Spot

– Domestic Annals, pp.45-55.

 

This same year, the 8th of June [1579], Monsieur [Antoine de Noailles], a Frenchman, and Nicholas Throckmorton, are denied all access to the King [James VI.], being sent to him from his mother [Queen Mary], and they are forced to return unheard. 

– Historical Works, pp.340-416.

 

In a parliament [held] at Edinburgh, [on] the 8th of June [1594], this year, wherein many laws were enacted against hearers of [mass], papists, and against erections after the act of annexation. 

– Historical Works, pp.340-416.

 

In 1828, on the 8th of June – the fiftieth year of his ministry being complete – a hundred gentlemen, connected with Lady Glenorchy’s chapel, entertained Dr. [Thomas Snell] Jones at a banquet given in his honour at the Waterloo Tavern, and presented him “with an elegant silver vase, as a tribute of the respect and esteem which the people entertained for the uniform uprightness of his conduct during the long period they had enjoyed his ministry.” 

– Old and New Edinburgh, pp.359-363.

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