St Stephen, pope and martyr, 257.
Born. – Pope Leo XII., 1760.
Died. – Archidamus III., king of Sparta, son of Agesilaus, B.C. 338, Lucrania, in Italy; Quintilius Varus, Roman governor in Germany, A.D. 10; Henry III., king of France, stabbed the previous day by Jacques Clément, 1589, St Cloud; Etienne Bonnot de Condillac, abbé, author of Traité des Sensations, Cours d’Etudesw, &c., 1780, Flux, near Beaugenci; Mehemet Ali, pacha of Egypt, 1849.
On this Day in Other Sources.
The Governor calls a parliament to be held at Stirling, the 2nd day of August, 1440; in which parliament were enacted many good laws for keeping the public peace, and suppressing of theft, robbery, and murder.
In this parliament, justice [hearings] and courts of regality are ordained to be held at least twice every year.
Also, that rebellions, thefts, murders, oppressions, and such like, be punished by the Sheriff, within his jurisdiction; and the barons and country to aid him; and if he should omit the taking severe order with such, then he to be punished by the King and his council, according to his [will].
– Historical Works, pp.166-189.
The English army none opposing them, march almost to Edinburgh. The Scottish army being between them and the town, they begin to treat of a peace with the English, and so, on the second day of August, [1482,] they send the Dukes of Gloucester [Richard Plantagenet] and Albany [Alexander Stewart] commissioners to treat with them of peace, viz. the Archbishop of St. Andrews [William Scheves], the Bishop of Dunkeld [James Livingston], Colin [Campbell], Earl of Argyll, and Andrew Stewart, Lord Avondale, Lord Chancellor of Scotland. At last, after some small difficulties, peace was concluded on these conditions: 1. That the King’s brother, the Duke of Albany, should be restored. 2nd. That Dunbar castle, with the counties of Mar and March, should be given to him. 3rd. As also that he should be the King’s Lieutenant of the realm. 4th. and lastly, That the town of Edinburgh should oblige themselves for repayment of that money King James had borrowed from King Edward, while that Prince James’ marriage was [being] entreated between them.
– Historical Works, pp.189-214.
King James [VI. was] crowned in Stirling church, at 2 o’clock in the afternoon; and on the second day of August  thereafter, proclamation was made by the heralds at Edinburgh cross, of his Majesties coronation, commanding all his subjects to live in the fear of God, under his obedience.
– Historical Works, pp.340-416.