11th of October

Saints Tarachus, Probus, and Andronicus, martyrs, 304. St Canicus or Kenny, abbot in Ireland, 599. St Gummar or Gomer, confessor, 774.

Born. – Erasmus Reinhold, astronomer, 1511, Salfeldt, Thuringia; James Barry, historical painter, 1741, Cork.
Died. – Louis V. emperor of Germany, 1347; Ulrich Zwingli, Swiss reformer, killed at Cappel, 1531.

On this Day in Other Sources.

The church of Inverkeler is called, in a charter of King William, the church of St. Macconoc of Inverkeler. It has been suggested that the first syllable was probably a Celtix prefix of affection, and that the church was dedicated to St. Canech or Kenny, the contemporary of St. Columba, who visited him at Hy, and the same person who gives name to Kilkenny. He is commemorated in the calendar of the Scotch Church on the 11th of October. 

– Sketches, pp.144-172.

This same year [1347] died the [Holy Roman] Emperor Louis [IV.], of Bavaria, the 11th day of October, by a fall from his horse in [bear] hunting. [Johannes] Nauclerus, [Johannes] Aventinus and Cuspiman [authors], call him the last of all the Roman Emperors that dare wage war against the Pope and his Cardinals. 

– Historical Works, pp.104-124.

The lords auditors decree and deliver that Alexander Caldwell of that Ilk, Adam Muir of Caldwell and John of Binning of that Ilk shall satisfy and pay Hutcheon Craigill, otherwise called Waneman, the sum of £5 10s, for which they became surety in the sheriff court of Linlithgow to pay the said Hutcheon for certain horse and goods that were previously spulzied from him, as was proven before the lords, and also that they shall pay the said Hutcheon 4 merks […]. [James III: 1484, 11 October, Edinburgh, Parliament.] 

London Quarterly Review.

The King, and Queen, marched forward to Dumfries, on the 11th of October 1565. And, Murray, with other leaders of this treasonous cause, finding that, with their force, they could not contend against so great an army, fled into England, where they had been assured of the usual safety of Mary’s enemies; and where they were kindly received, by Bedford, Elizabeth’s lieutenant, who had come with some forces, from Berwick to Carlisle. Thus ended Murray’s rebellion, the Duke’s imprudence, Cecil’s artifices, and Elizabeth’s perfidy! 

– Life of Mary, pp.98-126.

Murray, also, defended himself, by saying, that the Queen had, voluntarily, resigned her sceptre, because she felt it too weighty, for her hand; but, we have seen what violence was put upon her, in Lochleven castle, and what tumult was used, to compel the officer, to affix the Privy Seal to the several instruments of resignation. We thus perceive, that Murray, in addition to his other villanies, now added the guilt of falsehood. But, in this sophistical answer, Murray said nothing of the supposititious letters: As he, and his coadjutors, had been afraid, to produce those epistles, before the privy council of Scotland, and still more, to lay them before the Parliament, which had legalized her resignation, without seeing those pretended letters; they now, clandestinely, made use of them, to make an impression against the Scotish Queen; while her commissioners had respected Murray’s convenience, not to say his guilt.  

Elizabeth’s commissioners, in their letter to her of the 11th of October [1568], avowed to her, “that the Earl of Murray had been content, privately, to shew them such proofs, as they had, to condemn the Queen of Scots of the murder of her husband; to the intent, they would know of us, how your majesty, understanding the same, would judge of the sufficiency of the matter; and whether, in your majesty’s opinion, the same will extend to condemn the Queen of Scots of the said murder.” These commissioners went some steps further, in their clandestine career of knavery: They received, in private, Secretary Maitland, James McGill, George Buchanan, and Henry Balnavis, the habitual liars, and established forgers of Murray, to a secret conference; and after stating such circumstances, as induced a vehement presumption of the Scotish Queen’s guilt, in the murder of her husband, the same persons laid before Elizabeth’s commissioners various documents, all showing the guilty conduct of the Queen of Scots: They afterwards laid before the commissioners the whole contents of the gilt box, consisting of letters, sonnets, promises of marriage, and other writings, which discovered such inordinate love between her, and Bothwell, as every good, and godly man must abhor: The commissioners, in the same dispatch, sent up to their inquisitive mistress literal extracts, from the same letters, in the vulgar language: The commissioners do not express the least doubt of the genuineness of those writings; as those men, constantly, affirmed, and offered to swear, that they were all genuine documents. The world before never witnessed a more guilty scene. The English commissioners had heard a sermon, at the opening of their commission, on the duty of doing to others, as they would wish, that they should be done unto; they had taken an oath, to act uprightly, and religiously; they were bound, by honour, to do common justice to the Scotish Queen: Yet, did they thus act knavishly, and partially, in opposition to their oaths, their religion, and their honour. Sadler was not, in the least aware, that he thus preserved documents, which would show to posterity, how perjured he was, and how basely he had discharged a very high trust. 

– Life of Mary, pp.206-234.

The history of the cure after the Reformation is not lacking in picturesque incidents. For several years after that event there was no minister in the parish. Robert Cuke was exhorter. On the 11th of October he was presented to the vicarage by James VI.1 After Cuke’s translation to Kilbarchan in the following year, there seems to have been a somewhat lengthened vacancy in Killallan parish.

– Scots Lore, pp.253-259.

1  We learn that in 1574 his stipend was forty-two pounds Scots (£3 10s. stg.).

We may now perceive, that Elizabeth, when she came to the last great act, but one, of taking Mary’s life, was still at a loss, with the help of her lawyers, and her statesmen, to determine, by what law, and right, she could put to death the object of her jealousy, and her hate. From the moment, that Elizabeth imprisoned the Queen of Scots, without right, Elizabeth’s whole conduct to the object of her hatred, throughout eighteen years, was a continued wrong: If this were true; then had the Scotish Queen rights, correlative to that wrong, which were winked out of sight, and were thereby violated.  

Those commissioners, without entering into questions of moral fitness, or right, naturally, acted under the recent power, which had been given, by Elizabeth, under the act of Parliament. They met, on the 11th of October 1586, at Fotheringay castle, where the Scotish Queen was then confined. 

– Life of Mary, pp.304-328.



The xj day of October being Munounday in Stirling.

   Item to the cutlar for scharing away the handis of your knyffis 

viij d.

   Item ane point Spenis wyne in the morneing or ye passit to my lord, certane of the gentill men with yow 

x s.

– Sketches, Appendix VIII.

The 11th of October, this year [1593], the Popish Lords were reconciled to the King’s favour; and the act of abolition made in their favour [was] proclaimed at Edinburgh cross by a pursuant,.. 

– Historical Works, pp.340-416.


Be it kend me Archibald erle of Argyle Lieutennent to his Majestie oure the illes, and donator to the whole escheittis of the Clandonnell and thair complices his hienes rebellis, for certane soumes of money payit to me by my weilbelovit cousin Sir Johne Campbell of Caddell, thairfoir to haif maid him and his airis my very lawfull cessioneris in and to the whole debtis soumes of money takis possessiounis insicht plenisching cornis cattell guidis and geir pertening the saidis rebellis inhabiting the boundis of Ilay, fallin to me as escheit be vertew of his hienes gift, &c. At Dunovaig 11 October 1615, befoir this witness Colen Campbell of Abirurquhill Archibald Campbell his brother Mr DOnald Campbell of Barbrek Lochow.  


– Sketches, Appendix X.

But the “hiegate” was used for other purposes than dungsteads. Swine were allowed to go at large through the street;1 “stanes and “tymmer” were deposited on its sides; “skynnis” in heaps were laid upon it; it was used as a place for “drying lint,” and women washed and “stramped” clothes and yarn and other articles there.2

– Old Glasgow, pp.266-276.

1  Advertisement by Magistrates, 1758.
2  Minute of Council, 11th Oct. 1623.

Till a comparatively recent period there was no newspaper printed in Glasgow. Even after the middle of the seventeenth century the means of obtaining intelligence were very scanty, and the magistrates appear to have seldom or never seen a London paper. The first step taken to remedy this dearth of intelligence is recorded in a minute of the town council of 5th September, 1657, which “appoynts Johne Flyming to wryt to his man wha lyes at London to send hom for the tounes use weiklie ane diurnall.” Previous to this the magistrates were supplied with weekly intelligence by one of their counsel or law agents in Edinburgh – Mr. John Nicoll. 

Some twenty years afterwards one “Collonell Walter Whytfoord” obtained an exclusive right from the magistrates “to sett up, to sell, top, and vent coffee within the burgh for the space of nyneteen yeares.”1

– Old Glasgow, pp.299-307.

1  11th October, 1673.

In 1717 Mr. Anderson was superseded at Edinburgh by Sir John Inglis as Deputy-Postmaster-General in Scotland, from whom all appointments in that country were held direct. The letter-bags, apart from foot-pads and robbers, were liable to strange contingencies. Thus, in November, 1725, the bag which left Edinburgh was never heard of after it passed Berwick – boy, horse, and bag, alike vanished, and were supposed to have been swallowed up in the sands between Coquet-mouth and Holy Island. A mail due at Edinburgh one evening, at the close of January, 1734, was found in the Tyne at Haddington, in which the post-boy had perished; and another due on the 11th October of the following year was long of reaching its destination. “It seems the post-boy,” according to the Caledonian Mercury, “who made the stage between Dunbar and Haddington, being in liquor, fell off. The horse was afterwards found at Linplum, but without mail, saddle, or bridle.” 

– Old and New Edinburgh, pp.353-358.


This struck me as particularly pretty Celtic cross. The inscription reads: 





Glasgow Cathedral & City Necropolis.

Glasgow Evening Citizen, Thursday 11th October 1888, p.2. 



   Two curious “death stories” come from the southern district of the city this morning. In our yesterday’s issue was a paragraph of the sudden death of a labourer in a close in South Coburg-street. The body was taken to the Southern Police Office, and being there positively identified by three different persons as that of Hugh Doyle, it was certified by the officials as such. But it turns out that Hugh is not dead. Some of his neighbours noticing the paragraph, and being rather doubtful of the sad event, went to Hugh’s house, where he was comfortably seated by the side of the fire. they showed him the announcement of his demise, which he took in good part rather than otherwise. He then proceeded to the police-office, and on the way met two of the witnesses who had pronounced the body to be his. The witnesses, as may be supposed, were frightened in thus being confronted with what they considered to be an apparition, but Hugh lost no time in convincing them of his vitality. At the police-office he denied all ownership of the body, and of course the witnesses had to acknowlege [sic] their mistake. Doyle was shown the body supposed to be himself, and although there is a resemblance between him and the deceased, it is not such to have caused this curious mistake. With Hugh Doyle’s disclaimer, the body has still to be identified. 

   The other case is that in which a man was found in Eglinton-street, apparently dead. He was brought to the police-office on stretchers, placed in the mortuary, and was covered over with the customary white sheet. Sometime afterwards the turnkey, in paying some attentions to him that are usually observed in the case of all dead bodies, to make sure that life was extinct, gave his ear a firm pinch. the supposed defunct jumped up instantly, to the consternation of the official, and rudely demanded what he was doing. He was not dead, but drunk. On recovering from the effects of the alcohol, he was liberated on pledge, and as he failed to answer at the court to a charge of drunkenness the pledge was forfeited. 

Curious and Interesting Deaths.

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