King Charles, the First of that Name (1630-1631), pp.177-189.

[Historical Works Contents – Original]

1630.

Vpone new zeires day, 1630 arriued at London, Don Carolo de Coloma, ambassador from Spaine, to conclude the trettey, and had audience vpone Vedinsday the 12 of Januarij. 

Aboute the end of Februarij, this zeire, a fleett of 14 saile, furnished with men, women and children, and all necessarieyes, diuersse of them being handey craftsmen of good qualitie and substance, to make a firme plantatione in thesse pairts of America, called New England, lyand betueen the degrees of 42 and 48; they had with them 260 kine and other liue catell, for ther wsse at ther arriuall.

As 6 Regis Carolj, et Sal: 1630. 

In the mounthe of Appryle, 1630, ther wer made Knights of the Garter, the Lord Veston, Lord Thesaurer of England; the Earles of Excester and Lindesay. 

Saterday, 29 of Maij, this zeire, betueen the hours of 10 and 11 in the forenoone, was borne Charles, Prince of Walles, at St. James, neir Charing Crosse; the follouing day being Sunday, the King, with the grate Lordes of his counsaill, came to St. Pauls churche, by coatche, aboute 8 a clocke in the fornoone, and was by the bischopes, prebends and queire of Pauls, receaued at the grate west dore with a soleme Te Deum laudamus; ther he hard sermon, and therafter returned to St. James. 

At this same tyme, Lyone King of Armes being at London, was by his Maiesty sent doune with letters to the Lordes of his priuey counsaill in Scotland, and to the citey of Edinbrughe, with the newes of the birth of a young Prince. He cam to Edinbrughe one Tuesday the 1 of Junij, quher ther was grate ioy and triumphe made by shoutting of canon, ringing of bells, bonfyres and the lyke. The Magistrates of Edinbrughe made a grate banquett one the Heigh Street to the Lordes of his Maiesties priuey counsaill, and others of the nobility and iudges. The table stood below the crosse towards the Trone, and did containe some 200 persons; they were waitted one by the herauldes in ther coattes, and his Maiesties trumpetts. 

The 15 of Junij, this zeire, being Sunday, Sr James Balfour of Kynaird, knight, was with grate solemity crouned Lyone King of Armes, by George, Viscount of Dupleine, Lord Chanceler of Scotland, his Maties Commissioner, in the Chapell Royall at Holyrudhousse; and after the ceremoney was endit, the Lyone feasted the Lord Commissioner, the Lordes of his Maiesties Priuey Counsaill, and Senators of the Colledge of Justice, in the Earle of Linlithgowes housse, adioyning to the palace. 

One Sunday the 27 of this mounthe of Junij, Prince Charles was christned with grate stait and solemnity, quher the Lord Maior and Aldermen gaue ther attendence; and the Lord Maior and Sr Heneage Finche, Recorder, presented the King with a cupe of gold, of 1000 lib. starling walew. The godfather was Lewes 13, the Frenche King, quhosse deputey was James, Ducke of Lennox; the other godfather was the Prince Elector Palatine, and his deputey was James, Marques of Hamiltone. 

The godmother was the Queine mother of France, and her deputey vas the Dutchesse of Richmond. 

The 28 and 29 dayes of Julij, this zeire, ther was a conuentione of the estaites at Holyrudhousse, quherat wer present 42 noblemen, 10 bischopes, 4 officers of estait, 26 commissioners of shyres, and 18 of the burrowghes; all the grate matters debaitted in this conwentione wer only some courte diuyces to tray how the countrey and itts commissioners wold relishe thesse new dewices wich wer afterwardes brought in and enacted in Ao 1633; bot being perceaued by some, they durst at this tyme venter no furder one them, bot remitted all to a parliament. Onlie to suplie his Maiesties pretendit present vrging necessities, the conwentione granted ane taxatione of 30sh. vpone the pound land, payable at 4 tearmes, of which the Lord Chanceler, Hay, was made collector generall. All the good effects the grant of this taxation produced, was, that it not onlie stoped the mouthes of some penurious noblemen and courtiers, and purchest a number of frindes to aduance the courte deseinges in the ensewing parliament; bot as for the Kinges necessities it neuer supleid them one grote, bot rather sharpned his Maiestie to craue a fare grater in the follouing parliament, being encouraged to demand, since he did see (at least was made beliue by his parasittes) that suche feices might be so eassily shorne off his poore subiects with no more labor and expensse, then the cuning bestouing of soume courte creame one the comons, and some preferments and money amongest the grate ones. 

At this same tyme, Mr William Struthers, one of the ministers off Edinbrughe, and a conformitane, (as then named) howbeit he was formerly content to accept off a bischopericke, zet now wold rather quyte the same, ere he wolde embrace thesse ceremonies he perceauid wer a broching to be introduced in the churche and staite; the letter he wrotte to the Earle of Airthe to be presented to his Maiestie, wich I thought most fitt heir to insert for cleiring of some passages in lesse grate mischeiffes, wiche those popische ceremonies and all the rest of that trumprie, not longe therafter, wnwysslie and foulishly, aganist all the maximes of good policey, obtruded vpone this churche and staite. 

   My werey good Lord, 

   I wisit your Lordschipe with this letter, and that for the end I spoke offe more largelie in conference, euer for the peace of this poore kirke, wich is rent so griuoslie for ceremonies. Ther is also some surmisses of further nouatione of organes, liturgies, and such lyke, wich gratly augments the greiffe of the people; bot the wysser sorte assure themselues of his Maiesties royall visdome and moderatione, that his Maiesty wold imposse no new thing, if his Maiesty wer tymously informed of thesse ore the lyke ressons:- 

   First, becaus K. Iames, of hapey memorey, made the Marquesse of Hamiltone promisse, in his Maties name, to all the estaits of this land, solemly, in face of parliament, that this churche should not be vrged with aney more nouations then thesse 5 artickells, that then wer presented to the parliament. Vpone wich promisse the parliament rested, and gaue way the more cheirfully that thesse artickells suould passe in acte of parliament. 

   2. Nixt, becausse the motione that is said to be made to his Maiestie of thesse nouations, is made by and besyde the knouledge and conscience of the kirke of this land, quho are heighly displeassed with that motion; and more, becausse it is alledged to haue beine in ther name, quho knowes nothing therof bot by report. 

   3. Becausse our churche layes groning wnder tuo woundes; the first of erection of bischopes, the other of geniculation; bot if a thrid be inflicted, ther is no appeirance bot of a dissipatione of the churche. In the first, people wer only onlookers one bischopes stait; the ad tuoched them more in celebratione of the holy sacrament, bot zet left arbitrarey to them; bot this 3d will be gratter, becausse in the quhole bodey of publicke worschipe they shall be forced to suffer nouelties. 

   4. Becausse the bichopes are alredey publici odij victimæ, and borne doune with contempte, and that vexatione is intollerable; quhen they deposse aney brother for not conformity, they scarsly can find ane expectant to fill the place that is emptey; and that becausse they become so odious to the flocke, that they can doe no good in ther ministrie; bot if aney furder nouatione be brought in, the bischopes will find 10 for one to be deposed, and that of thosse quho haue alredey giuen obedience to the 5 artickells, quho will rather choysse to forsaicke ther places, then to enter in a new fyre of combustion. 

   5. and lastly, Becausse it is obserued by suche as are iudicious, that the former schissmes haue shaken the hartes of the people in religion, and hath produced odium vatinianum among brethreen. Poprie is incressed in the land; and if any further come in, it will be seine that vniversally people will be made susceptable of aney religion, and turne atheists in grosse. 

   Your (Lo:) knowes, that I am not one of thesse quho stand out aganist order; bot doe suffer for myne obedience; and therfor I the more boldly suggest thesse ressons vnto your Lordschipe. I duell in the most eminent pairt of this land, and so haue the occasione to see quhat is the fruitt of a schissime. I professe ane vnspeakable greiffe to see aney thing done that may trouble the peace of the churche of this kingdome, and dewyde the hearttes of a good and louing people from so good a King. Our fyre is so grate alredey, that it hath more neide of watter to quenche it, then oyle to augment it. 

   Edinbrughe, 28th Januarij, 1630. 

Sunday the 5 of December, this zeire, the new concludit peace with Spaine wes solemlie proclaimed; at wich solemity, the Lord Maior of London and Aldermen assisted, with the Kinges and Herauldes of Armes, in ther cottes of office, mounted one horssebacke. The people expressed ther gladnesse by bonefyres and ringing of bells. 

Sr Francis Cottingtone being sent to Spaine, ambassador from his Matie of Grate Brittane, receaued werey soleme intertainment at the taking of the Spanishe Kinges othe for obseruatione of this peace, one the 15 day of December, this zeire, one wich day the peace was lykwayes proclaimed in the Spanishe courte; and the maner of it was this, (as the ambassadors auen letters beares record): Scaffeholds wer erected in 3 places of the toune, one befor the palace, ane other befor the churche of St. Marey, neir the Ducke of Veedas housse, and the 3d in a broad streett called Puerta de Guadelaiara. 

In the first place went 42 Alquazeills, quho are certaine ministeriall officers of justice; the 4 Herauldes of Armes; after them 2 Secretaries of the Councell Royall; and last of all, 4 Alquazeills: the 42 that led the rancke remained one horssebacke, quhill the rest ascendit the scaffhold. 

The cheiffe Secretarey deliuered a paper with maney basas manos to the cheiffe Heraulde, quho read it aloude; this was done by sound of drum and trumpett, and ther was fyre workes both for that night and tuo nights after. 

One the 17 day, it was agreid that the King should sueare the peace, and my Lord Ambassador intendit that day to goe to the palace in coatche; bot the Kinges will being to doe gratter honor to the day, as also to the ambassador, desyred that he wold with his attendants come one horssebacke; and to that end his Maiesty commandit maney choysse horsses of his auen stable to be sent to the ambassadors housse for his wsse. Don Francisco Zapata, Master of the Ceremonies, came to his Lordschipe at 2 of the clocke, and desyred him not to sturre till he should returne, becausse that the Kinges pleasure was that he should be noblie accompanied to the palace. Soone after, the ambassadors of France, Sauoy and Venice, were so ciuill as to send diuersse of ther gentlemen to attend one his Lordschipe that day. 

About 4 a clocke, Don Francisco Zapata returned, and intreatted the ambassador to take horsse, becausse the Duck de Gandia, Maior Domo, Maior to the Queine, with maney other grandees, weer in the streett attending for him. As wee pressed forward, we found the streetts so full one both sydes of nobility, as wee had hardly roume to ryde one betueen them; amonge wich were the 

Ducke of Gandia; 

Duck of Medina de las Torres; 

Duck of Villa Hermosa; 

Duck of Infantado; 

Duck of Pastrana; 

Ducke of Ixar; 

Conde de Niclola, sone and heire to the 

Ducke of Medina Sydonia; 

Conde de Aluade Lista; 

Marquesse de la Puetla; 

Marquesse of Alcaniza; 

Marquesse of Torres; 

Marquesse de Valle; 

Marquesse Don Frederico de ,Generall of the Armada of the Occean; 

Conde de Villanes; 

Marquesse de Troso; 

Conde de Villa Alua; 

Conde de Monteagnado; 

with a grate maney more titulados. Ther wer also diuersse of the Kinges chamber, and maney principall officers of the Kinges housse, and aboue a hundereth Caualleros de Abito. The Duckes of Gandia and Medina de las Torres wer last, and they receaued the ambassador in the midest betueen them. We came to the palace halffe ane houer befor torche light, bot stayed ther a good space befor we could gett into the Kinges quarter, for the palace being thronged with nobilitey and caualleros striuing to gett entresse to see the ceremoney, order was giuen that all passages into the Kinges quarter should be shutte wntill the ambassador had entred. 

He was still conducted by thesse grate personages wnto the Kinges quarter; at our entrey into the grate roume of presence, wee saw in the front therof the King seatted in grate maiesty; his grandees had placed themselues aboute him; bot as wee drew aney thing neir him, they opened a way in the midest, quherby the ambassador might passe, quhen he did reuerence the King uncouered; and quhen the King had couer, the ambassador couered also, and was intreatted to sitt doune in a chaire placed one the Kinges syde, with his right hand to the King. Right aganist the ambassador, at a litle distance, satte the old Cardinall Zapated, in a chaire; and quhen the Secretarey of Estaite read the othe to the King, he kneeled, the booke laying opin befor his Maiestie, with a crucifixe standing by it, and the ambassador stood vpe and vncouered; als soune as the Secretarey had read it, he asked the ambassador aloude, wither he lyked the forme? to wich he anssuered, he did; then the Capitane Maior presented the booke to the King, quho was still kneeling, wntill the Secretarey had done reading the othe, and his Matie anssuered, An si lo iuro, (this doe a sueare). To this the ambassador anssuered, I accept it one pairt of the King of Grate Brittane, my Lord and master: this he pronounced so loude as that the Cardinall (quho was something thicke of heiring) could wnderstand him, and therfor he asked the ambassador quhat he sayd, quherwpone the ambassador did againe repeat the same wordes more loudlie. 

The King, in the meane tyme, returned touardes his seatt, and drew the ambassador neir him, quho first doing reuerence to the King, putt one his hatte shortly after, and his Majesty said this to him; I am most cordially glade to haue seine this day, wich I haue so much desyred; and I haue made als grate demonstration of ioy for it as I could, and I houpe in our Lord it shall proue to the grate glorey of his diwyne Maiesty, and to the good of bothe the crounes; and the ambassador prayed God that the peace might be prosprous and permanent; and so after low obeysance, he tooke his leiue. 

From thence the ambassador was conducted by the Duck of Gandia and the Master of the Ceremonies to the Queins quarter. Wee found the Queene sitting in als grate maiesty as the King. Shoe was richly adorned with jewells, her ladeyes wer standing aganist the hanginges one both sydes of the roume, distant one from ane other 4 or 5 footte, for ther verdugadoes, or brimes of ther garments, being stiffned with so muche gold and siluer and riche embrodrey, did spread so large as they could not stand weill neirer. The ambassador, as he passed one, did thryce reuerence to the Queeine, and being come neir to her, he bendit doune to kisse her west. Shoe was pleassed to hold him ane quarter of ane houre. With the Queens liue, he was conducted by the Master of the Ceremonies to all the ladeyes one bothe sydes, and his (Lo:) passed some complements with the Condessa de Olivares and some others of the gratest, and salutted all the rest, one by one, as he passed round; wich being done, he did againe returne to the Queeine, and shortly therafter doing low reuerence to her, he tooke his leiue; the Duck of Gandia and the rest accompanied him home to his housse, and then did the fyre workes begin.

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