The Jacobite Period, pp.127-152.

[Scottish National Memorials Contents]

   HAIR, of James VII. of Scotland and of his son. 

(518 and 519) Lent by MRS. MARKHAM. 

   PORTRAIT, of James VII., by Sir Godfrey Kneller, in full-bottom wig, armour, lace neckerchief, and green scarf. 

(297) Lent by J. S. FRASER TYTLER. 

   A SILVER FILIGREE ESSENCE BOX, part of the toilet effects of Mary of Modena, Duchess of York, during her residence in Holyrood Palace. 

(326) Lent by W. MURRAY THREIPLAND. 

   ORIGINAL PORTRAIT MINIATURE, of James Francis Edward Stewart (James VIII. and III.), given by him to his faithful Secretary James Edgar, in whose family it still remains. The Secretary was a younger son of David Edgar of Keithock, Forfarshire, by his wife Katherine Forester, and was born 13th July 1688. Nothing is known of his boyhood, nor has it been definitely ascertained when he entered the service of the House of Stewart, but it must have been very shortly after the termination of the civil war of 1715, at which time he succeeded in escaping from Scotland to the Continent, disguised in a suit of labourer’s clothes. Dying on 27th September 1764, he had held the office of Assistant-Secretary to his exiled master for nearly half a century, and never during that long period did he falter in his self-denying devotion to the cause. A loyal Protestant, his religious scruples prevented him from accepting posts under the Pontifical Government which he might have obtained, the emoluments of which would have been a valuable addition to the scanty pittance he received in name of salary. Of cultured tastes, he seems latterly to have devoted considerable attention to the archæological researches for which a residence in Rome affords so many facilities, and in the correspondence of his colleague, Andrew Lumisden (who always speaks of him in affectionate terms), he is generally referred to as ‘the worthy antiquarian.’ In intimating his death to Prince Charles Edward, Lumisden truly said:- ‘‘n him you have lost a most faithful zealous servant, and one who loved you from the bottom of his heart.’ (See Fig. 90.) 

(S54) Lent by MISS EDGAR. 

   PORTRAIT MINIATURE, of James Francis Edward Stewart (James VIII. and III.). Oval Miniature, similar to the life-sized half-length, in oils, lent by P. H. Howard, Esq., to the South Kensington National Portrait Exhibition in 1867. [J. M. G.] 

(536) Lent by the EARL OF ROSEBERY. 

   PORTRAITS. of James Francis Edward Stewart (James VIII. and III.) as a boy and in full armour. 

(603 and 604) Lent by A. V. SMITH-SLIGO. 

   PORTRAIT, of James Francis Edward Stewart (James VIII. and III.), formerly in the possession of Cardinal York. It was presented to the owner’s father in Rome by the Cardinal’s chamberlain when his effects were disposed of. 

(669) Lent by the REV. F, L. ROBERTSON, D.D. 

   JEWELLED WATCHCASE of filigree work, presented by the Chevalier St. George (‘James VIII.’) to Lady Threipland when he visited Fingask, January 7th, 1716. 

(207) Lent by W. MURRAY THREIPLAND. 

   A SNUFF-BOX, with false lid, concealing Miniature of James Francis Edward Stewart (James VIII. and III.) in armour, wearing the ribbon of the Garter. A Miniature similar to the life-sized oil portrait lent by Sir P. de Malpas Grey Egerton, Bart., M.P., to the South Kensington Exhibition of National Portraits, 1867. [J. M. G.] 

(537) Lent by the EARL OF ROSEBERY. 

   ORIGINAL PORTRAIT, of Clementina Maria Sobieski, wife of James Francis Edward Stewart (James VIII. and III.), given by the latter to his Secretary, James Edgar. Clementina Sobieski was a daughter of Prince James Sobieski and granddaughter of the heroic John Sobieski, King of Poland, who, coming to the relief of the Emperor Leopold in 1683, inflicted a crushing defeat upon the Turks near Krems, thus averting the then imminent peril of a Moslem conquest of a considerable portion of Central Europe. A large miniature, curious and old. A similar portrait, but cabinet-sized, and on copper, is preserved at Keir, and is there attributed to David, the artist who painted two portraits of Prince Charles Edward, engraved by Edelinck, and a portrait of the Princess Sobieski, engraved by P. J. Drevet, also the portrait of the Lord Elcho of the time, in the possession of Earl of Wemyss. [J. M. G.] (See Fig. 91.) 

(556) Lent by MISS EDGAR. 

   DRAFT LETTER, of James Francis Edward Stewart (James VIII. and III.) to the King of Sweden, revised and corrected by himself, introducing Sir John Erskine of Alva, dated 16th July 1716. 

   Sir John Erskine was the great-grandson of John. 7th Earl of Mar, and a kinsman of John, 11th Earl, who commanded the clans at Sheriffmuir. He had been a member of the last Scots Parliament, in which he supported the Treaty of Union, and at the date of the letter he was sitting in the British Parliament as the representative of the county of Clackmannan. He seems to have been largely concerned in the schemes for the restoration of the Stewarts. 

(605) Lent by SHERIFF ERSKINE MURRAY. 

   HOLOGRAPH LETTER, by James Francis Edward Stewart (James VIII. and III.) to Sir John Erskine of Alva, beginning ‘My friend and comrade.’ See Fourth Report of Hist. Manuscripts Commission, p. 526, where a full précis of these letters, 605 and 517, is given. 

(517) Lent by SHERIFF ERSKINE MURRAY. 

   TWO RAT-TAILED TABLE-SPOONS, of date 1686, which belonged to John, 11th Earl of Mar, who raised the standard of the Stewarts in 1715. He seems at first to have shown himself at least outwardly favourable to the succession of the House of Hanover, and on the Elector’s arrival at Greenwich attended to present an address from the Highland clans. His professions of loyalty were, however, looked upon with suspicion, and not only was the address not received, but the Earl was in addition told to deliver up the seals of a Secretaryship of State, to which he had been appointed in 1713. Upon this he avowed his attachment to the Stewarts, betook himself to Scotland, and, being appointed Lieutenant-General of the kingdom, assembled a considerable army, with which he encountered the Duke of Argyll at Sheriffmuir on 13th November 1715. After the unsatisfactory issue of that battle the cause languished, and even the presence of the exiled Prince, who landed at Peterhead on the 22d of December, failed to infuse fresh life into it. Eventually the army was disbanded, and the Earl fled for refuge to the Continent, where he remained under attainder till his death in May 1732. 

(533) Lent by MRS. ZWILCHENBART ERSKINE.  

   OLD BRIDLE AND BIT, with brass mountings, from Sheriffmuir. 

(534) Lent by ANDREW DAVIE. 

   BROADSWORD, which was used at the battle of Sheriffmuir. It is dated on the blade 1690, and has the Ferrara mark of the running fox. 

(1476) Lent by A. C. McINTYRE. 

   ANDREA FERRARA SWORD, worn at Sheriffmuir by David Ritchie, a faithful servant of Sir David Threipland of Fingask. Sir David was among the first who joined the standard of the Earl of Mar, and soon after James VIII. and III. arrived in Scotland he spent a night at Fingask with his devoted adherent. After the dispersal of the Jacobite forces Sir David managed to escape to Sweden. He died an exile in 1746, his estates having been forfeited. 

(615) Lent by W. MURRAY THREIPLAND. 

   TOUCH-PIECE, of James III. Obverse – Ship sailing, wind adverse, Jac. III. D. G. M. B. F. et H. Rex. Reverse – St. Michael passing over the dragon and striking it: legend, SOLI DEO GLORIA. Previous to the time of Charles II. no particular coin appears to have been struck for the purpose of being given at the touching, but during that reign, and those of his successors, it became the custom to use a coin with the device of a ship on the obverse, and St. Michael and the dragon on the reverse. 

(485) Lent by the MARQUESS OF BUTE, K.T. 

   THREE TOUCH-PIECES, of James VIII. and III., Charles III., and Henry IX., in brass inlaid box. The coins are similar to the preceding (No. 485), with the necessary alteration of the king’s name in each case. 

(509) Lent by W. MURRAY THREIPLAND. 

   TWO TOUCH-PIECES, of James VIII. and III. and Henry IX. 

(542) Lent by CAPTAIN ANSTRUTHER THOMSON. 

   WOODEN QUAICH, marked ‘A. S.’ (these being the initials of Adam Scott, an ancestor of the owner’s), ‘Dec. 21, 1715.’ On a silver plate in the bottom is the Scottish crown, with ‘God save King James’ engraved below it. 

(666) Lent by MAJOR G. R. CRUDEN. 

   AN OLD ENAMELLED WATCH, having on one side of the case a portrait of James Francis Edward Stewart (James VIII. and III.), in which he is represented in armour, and wearing a full wig and the ribbon of the Garter, and on the other a portrait of Prince Charles Edward, in which he is depicted as wearing a bob wig tied with black ribbon, while inside the lid there is a picture of a lady with a black page behind her. 

(535) Lent by the EARL OF ROSEBERY. 

   TWO RlCHLY-WORKED PURSES, embroidered with gold, the one bearing the initials ‘J. R. S.’ (Jacobus Rex S); the other, the letters ‘P. C. S.’ (Prince Charles Stewart). 

(588) Lent by W. MURRAY THREIPLAND. 

   THE BAPTISMAL NAPKIN, of Prince Charles Edward, damask linen, with the royal arms. 

(587) Lent by W. MURRAY THREIPLAND. 

   A RING, with a miniature portrait on ivory of Prince Charles Edward, stated to have been worn by him. Presented to H.R.H. the Prince of Wales by Elizabeth. Duchess of Gordon. (See Fig. 92.) 

(513) Lent by H.R.H. THE PRINCE OF WALES. 

   PORTRAIT, of Prince Charles Edward, when in Edinburgh, engraved under Cooper by Sir Robert Strange. Sir Robert Strange, the father of historical engraving, had a chequered and eventful history. Born in Orkney in 1721. he was as a boy sent to sea on board a man-of-war, but, not liking the life, on his return from a voyage he came to Edinburgh, where some of his sketches were shown to Richard Cooper, then the leading engraver in Scotland, and the latter, recognising their artistic merit, was glad to secure him as an apprentice. When Prince Charles entered Edinburgh, Strange at once joined his standard. This he seems to have done not from any specially strong feeling of loyalty to the Stewarts, but solely through the influence of Miss Isobel Lumisden, the lady who afterwards became his wife. She, as was to be expected from the sister of Andrew Lumisden, subsequently so well known as the faithful Secretary of the exiled Princes, was a violent Jacobite, and informed her lover that he must think no more of her unless he donned the white cockade. After the disastrous issue of Culloden he remained under hiding in a remote part of the Highlands for several months, and when the severity of the Government’s persecution of the fugitives had somewhat lessened, made his way to Edinburgh, where he contrived to maintain himself by the sale of portraits of the Prince and his more prominent adherents. It is not improbable that the portrait now exhibited was one of these. Marrying Isobel Lumisden in 1747, he removed to London in 1751, where he rose to great eminence as an engraver. He was knighted in 1787, and died in London on 5th July 1792. 

   Similar to No. 618 (p. 132), but larger in size. These are probably the two small circular which form Nos. 9 and 10 in Dennistoun’s list of Strange’s engravings, to one of which Lady Strange seems to refer in a letter to her husband, dated 1789:- ‘A propos, where is the plate you had engraved of my Prince several years agoe. which never was published? It is but small; such a one is now wanted for a book. I believe I could get ten guineas for it, which is better than nothing. I believe you had it engraved from our best and largest miniature.’ Dennistoun’s Memoirs of Sir Robert Strange, vol. i. p. 270. [J. M. G.] 

(549) Lent by W. MURRAY THREIPLAND. 

   MINIATURE, of Prince Charles Edward, said to be by Sir Robert Strange. An excellent old miniature, in which the Prince is depicted in a blue coat, and wearing the ribbon of the Charter. Face in three-quarters to right. [J. .M. G] (See Fig. 93.) 

(633) Lent by ALEXANDER PELHAM TROTTER. 

   MINIATURE, of Prince Charles Edward, set with diamonds and having a Scots pebble at the back, given by him in 1745 to Catherine, Lady Threipland, wife of Sir David Threipland of Fingask. It is related of this lady (who was the heiress of the family of Smythe of Barnhill, a younger branch of the Methven family) that having given birth to a son after the disastrous termination of the Civil War of 1715, and, her life being despaired of, an Episcopalian clergyman was sent for to administer the last sacraments. This having been done, it was considered desirable to christen the child, but a difficulty arose from the fact that no one knew what he should be called. Lady Threipland, despite her precarious condition, heard what was taking place, and called out in a faint voice from the bed ‘Stewart.’ By that name accordingly the infant was baptized. He afterwards became well known as Sir Stewart Threipland, one of the most faithful followers of Prince Charles. See The Threiplands of Fingask, by Robert Chambers, LL.D. Edinburgh. 1880, p. 31. 

(550) Lent by W. MURRAY THREIPLAND. 

   MINIATURE, of Prince Charles Edward, set in a frame of silver and diamonds. In it he is represented in Highland dress, with the ribbon and star of the Order of the Garter. 

(551) Lent by W. MURRAY THREIPLAND. 

   MlNlATURE, of Prince Charles Edward, wearing the ribbon of the Order of the Thistle. A miniature similar in type to the portrait painted by L. Tocqué in 1748, and engraved by J. G. Wille. [J. M. G.] 

(552) Lent by CAPTAIN ANSTRUTHER THOMSON. 

   A roughly-executed contemporary PORTRAIT of Prince Charles Edward. 

(538) Lent by the EARL OF ROSEBERY. 

   PORTRAIT, of Prince Charles Edward, in which he is represented in tartan, wearing the Order of the Garter, and a blue bonnet with a white cockade in it. The portrait has been in the possession of the lender’s family since the beginning of this century. (See Plate XVIII.) 

   An interesting life-size portrait, similar in general type to the engravings Nos. 549 (p. 130) and 618 (below), and to the large oil miniature, No. 538 (p. 131). It agrees with the last-named in showing no Order of the Thistle at the breast, as is the case in the two prints; and in introducing a broad black belt, passed over the right shoulder of the figure. The pale blue cap is edged with gold, and has a gold tassel on the top. The coat is of red tartan checked with black – or very dark – lines, of varying width (a tartan somewhat resembling that assigned to ‘Macdonald of the Isles and Slate’ in Grant’s Tartans of the Clans of Scotland), and has gold lace at the edges and cuffs. The eyes are of a rich chestnut brown, the features are rounded, the lips full and red. [J. M.G.] 

(670) Lent by the REV. F. L. ROBERTSON, D.D. 

   MINIATURE, of Prince Charles Edward, given by his father James Francis Edward Stewart (James VIII. and III.) to the latter’s faithful secretary, James Edgar. 

   A miniature resembling, in the pose of the figure, the portrait painted by L. Tocqué in 1748, and engraved by J. G. Wille, but differing in the features and in the position of the right arm. A mantle of leopard skin and a plumed helmet are introduced on the right side. Sky in background; a landscape appears to the left. [J. M. G.] 

(555) Lent by MISS EDGAR. 

   SMALL ENGRAVING, of Prince Charles Edward, mounted as a miniature. Similar to the engraving by Strange, No. 549 (see note to that print. p. 130), but much smaller. [J. M. G.] 

(618) Lent by C. E. DALRYMPLE. 

   PORTRAIT, of Prince Charles Edward, in Highland dress. This portrait was sent by the Prince to Sir Hugh Paterson of Bannockburn, one of his most devoted followers. Sir Hugh was married to Lady Jean Erskine, sister of John, eleventh Earl of Mar, who raised the standard of the Stewarts in 1715, and had himself been attainted for his share in the proceedings of that year. The Prince stayed at Bannockburn House on the night of the 14th of September 1745, the day after he had crossed the Forth at the Ford of Frew on his march to Edinburgh, and received, as was to be expected, an enthusiastic welcome from the old adherent of his race. He again took up his residence at Bannockburn House on the 4th of January 1746, previous to the capture of Stirling by his army, and it continued to be his headquarters till the 1st of February, when he set out on his disastrous march to the north. Sir Hugh obtained the benefit of the Act of Indemnity of June 1747, and died at Touch on 23d March 1777, aged 91. The portrait is believed to be the work of De la Tour, a French portrait-painter of note. Prince Charles Edward’s account with George Waters, Junior, Banker, Paris, shows the following entry: ‘Jan. 13, 1749. To De la Tour for H.R.H.’s picture, 1200 livres.’ Sir Hugh Paterson gave the picture to James McEwan, Surveyor of Taxes, Alloa. On his death it became the property of his heir, John McEwan, Writer, Campside House, Langside, Glasgow, and on Mr. John McEwan’s decease it descended to his son, the late Thomas McEwan, also Writer, in whose family it still remains. 

(547) Lent by MISS McEWAN. 

   PORTRAIT, of Prince Charles Edward, by Allan Ramsay. Ramsay was the eldest son of the author of The Gentle Shepherd, and rose to very considerable eminence as a portrait-painter. He visited Rome four times, and on the last occasion spent several years in Italy, during which time he was a member of the Roman Lodge of Freemasons (see p. 253), which embraced in its ranks several of the most prominent exiled Jacobites. It appears probable that the portrait was painted during one of his continental journeys. 

(548) Lent by the BARONESS WILLOUGHBY DE ERESBY. 

   RELIQUARY, with double top, having portrait of Prince Charles Edward concealed under the upper top. It was formerly the property of a nurse at Terregles, in the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright. 

(674) Lent by the KIRKCUDBRIGHT MUSEUM ASSOCIATION. 

Plate XVIII. – Portrait of Prince Charles Edward.

   GLASS, with engraved portrait of Prince Charles Edward, and Scots Thistle ornament. (See Fig. 94.) 

(675) Lent by the RIGHT REV. ALEXANDER CHINNERY HALDANE. 

   MINIATURE, of the Princess Louisa Maximiliana Carolina de Stolberg-Gœdern, wife of Prince Charles Edward, presented by her to Lady Strange. The marriage of Charles took place in April 1772, he being then in his fifty-second year, his bride being thirty-one years his junior. The union was an unhappy one, and eventually, in 1780, the Princess left her husband. Subsequently she lived with the poet Alfieri till his death in 1803, she herself surviving till January 1824. 

(620) Lent by ALEX. PELHAM TROTTER. 

   AUTOGRAPH LETTER, by Prince Charles Edward to Cluny Macpherson, dated at Borrodale, 5th August 1745. In this letter the Prince states his intention of setting up the Royal Standard at Glenfinnan on the 19th August, and intimates his hope that the Chief of the Macphersons would be present on that occasion, adding, that if that is not practicable, ‘I expect you to join me as soon as possible, and you shall always find me ready to give you marks of my friendship.’ He wrote letters in similar terms to all the chiefs who were believed to be well-disposed to the cause. The Prince landed at Borrodale (which is a farm on the estate of Clanranald, lying on the south shore of Loch-na-Nuagh), on the 25th August 1745. Cluny at first hesitated to join him, as he had the same year been appointed to the command of a company in Lord Loudoun’s regiment, and had taken the oaths to Government, but his hereditary instincts of loyalty to the exiled royal house, and the strongly expressed wishes of his clansmen, proved too much for him. 

(560) Lent by CLUNY MACPHERSON. 

   SHIRT FRILL, of Lace, left by Prince Charles Edward at Fassiefern, where he stayed on the night of Friday, 23d August 1745, four days after raising the standard at Glenfinnan. Fassiefern was the residence of John Cameron, the younger brother of Lochiel. The box in which the frill is kept was carved by a shepherd boy with his skian dubh. The medallion portraits it bears are those of James Francis Edward Stewart and his wife Clementina Maria Sobieski, Prince Charles Edward, and Cardinal York. 

(572) Lent by CLUNY MACPHERSON. 

   BLANK COMMISSION, as Captain, in the regiment ‘commanded by Ewen Macpherson of Clunie,’ dated at Perth, 7th September 1745. 

(561) Lent by CLUNY MACPHERSON. 

   SHIRT STUDS, pebble and silver, worn by Prince Charles Edward. The box in which these studs are kept is a cameo representing a hunting scene – dogs pursuing a stag; the lid is of gold, having engraved on it the figure of a Highlander holding a branch. 

(573) Lent by CLUNY MACPHERSON. 

   FOUR BUTTONS, taken from the clothes of Prince Charles Edward when in Edinburgh. 

(574) Lent by MRS. MARKHAM. 

   RICHLY CARVED IVORY POWDER-HORN, of Indian workmanship – hunting subjects in high relief. Worn by Prince Charles Edward at the ball given at Holyrood on the eve of the battle of Prestonpans, and formerly the property of the Comte d’Albanie. 

(523) Lent by the RIGHT REV. ANGUS MACDONALD, D.D. 

   A PAIR OF POCKET PISTOLS, silver-mounted handles, and the barrels inlaid with gold, which belonged to Prince Charles Edward. Presented to H.R.H. the Prince of Wales by Elizabeth. Duchess of Gordon. (See Figs. 95 and 96.) 

(514) Lent by H.R.H. THE PRINCE OF WALES. 

   A PAIR OF PISTOLS, with inlaid steel handles, and the barrels damascened, stated to have belonged to Prince Charles Edward. The name of their maker, the famous John Murdoch, armourer of Doune, is engraved on the locks. These pistols were also formerly in the possession of Charles Edward Stewart, Comte d’Albanie. (See Figs. 97 and 98.) 

(520) Lent by the RIGHT REV. ANGUS MACDONALD, D.D. 

   SILVER DESSERT spoon in chased silver gilt casket. On the shank of the spoon is engraved: ‘This was the Pretender’s.’ The Hall-marks are obliterated. The silver gilt case in which it is contained bears the London Hall-mark of 1822-3, and has, engraved inside, this inscription: ‘Prince Charles gave Dr. Macleod a case containing a silver spoon, knife and fork, on leaving him in the Isle of Skye, saying, “Keep you that till I see you.” ’ The case with the silver spoon, etc., given by the Chevalier to Dr. Macleod, came into the hands of Mary, ‘Lady Clerk of Pennycuik, who intrusted me with the Honourable Commission of presenting them in her ladyship’s name to H.M. George the Fourth, (signed) Walter Scott,’ and given to Lady Willoughby d’Eresby by the Dowager Marchioness of Conyngham 1855. 

(1274) Lent by the BARONESS WILLOUGHBY DE ERESBY. 

   BASKET-HILTED SWORD, which belonged to Prince Charles Edward, and was worn by him at the battles of Falkirk, Prestonpans, and Culloden. It is inscribed on the blade as follows: 

  H • M • H • 

ANDRIA  X  X  FERARA 

• H • Ш • H   

With orb and cross. The hilt is partly of open-work, partly of pierced-work, with acorn-shaped pommel. On the front of the hilt is a gilt ornament, consisting of the figure of a man in priestly apparel, wearing a bishop’s mitre, before him a Maltese cross, having in the centre an eagle displayed with the inscription Daingean gun fiamh. The scabbard is of red velvet, with the metal work gilt. This weapon also was formerly in the possession of the Comte d’Albanie. 

(522) Lent by the RIGHT REV. ANGUS MACDONALD, D.D. 

   SKIAN DUBH, or Couteau de Chasse, worn by Prince Charles Edward during his campaigns in Scotland and England. The handle of the weapon is of twisted ornamentation, set with silver nails. The highly ornamented scabbard is of steel and red velvet, with the usual knife and fork. The dirk was also formerly in the possession of the Comte d’Albanie. (See Fig. 99.) 

(521) Lent by the RIGHT REV. ANGUS MACDONALD, D.D. 

   AN OBLONG MEDALLION, containing hair of Prince Charles Edward, and part of the garter worn by him. Presented to the lender by Charles Kirkpatrick Sharpe, Esq. 

(525) Lent by the BARONESS WILLOUGHBY DE ERESBY. 

   TARGET OF WOOD, covered with leather, and richly ornamented in silver. In the centre is a Medusa’s head in silver, surrounded by trophies of arms, etc. It was made in France for Prince Charles Edward, and was borne by him at Culloden. At Warwick Castle there was a similar target, which is supposed to have been destroyed by the fire there in 1871. (See Fig. 100.) 

(558) Lent by CLUNY MACPHERSON. 

   A PAIR OF PISTOLS, with lobated butts, silver mounted and highly ornamented, made by Alleoin, Paris, and used by Prince Charles Edward. A head, apparently that of Louis XV., is carved on the ends of the butts. 

(569) Lent by CLUNY MACPHERSON. 

   PISTOL, which belonged to Prince Charles Edward. 

(586) Lent by W. MURRAY THREIPLAND. 

   A PAIR OF FLINT-LOCK DOUBLE-BARRELLED PISTOLS, the barrels placed one above the other, used by Prince Charles Edward at Culloden. They were carried about by him in his wanderings and under his different disguises, and afterwards given to his father’s secretary, James Edgar. The present owner is a great-grandniece of Edgar. It has been a constant tradition in the Edgar family that these were the pistols used by the Prince at Culloden. (See Figs. 101 and 102.) 

(557) Lent by MISS EDGAR. 

   TWO PISTOLS, of French manufacture, with long barrels and highly ornamented butts, given after Culloden by Prince Charles Edward to James Edgar. (See Figs. 103 and 104.) 

(544) Lent by CAPTAIN ANSTRUTHER THOMSON. 

   SPORRAN OF SEALSKIN, of French manufacture, worn by Prince Charles Edward. It is mounted in silver, highly ornamented, with three double silver tassels. (See Fig. 105.) 

(559) Lent by CLUNY MACPHERSON. 

   CANDLESTICK, used by Prince Charles Edward the night he slept in Huskie, at the inn there occupied by Daniel Fisher. 

(527) Lent by WILLIAM FISHER. 

   SILVER QUAICH. used by Prince Charles Edward the night he slept in Ruskie, at the inn there occupied by Daniel Fisher. (See p. 308.) 

(528) Lent by WILLIAM FISHER. 

   SADDLE, which belonged to Prince Charles Edward. Presented to the late Sir Patrick Murray Threipland, Bart., by Robert Chambers. 

(581) Lent by W. MURRAY THREIPLAND. 

   PRINCE CHARLES EDWARD’S TARTAN CLOAK. 

(582) Lent by W. MURRAY THREIPLAND. 

   SKETCH of the head of a child, drawn by Prince Charles Edward when a boy. The sketch was given to Laurence Oliphant of Gask, a devoted Jacobite, by John Edgar, nephew of James Edgar, the assistant Secretary to James Francis Edward Stewart (James VIII. and III.). Cask, who had been aide-de-camp to Prince Charles Edward in 1745, took a special interest in collecting relics of his old master, and of all the Stewarts. To this trait in his character John Edgar refers in the letter sending the gift, which is in these terms:  

KEITHOCK, near BRECHIN, June 6, 1787.    

   SIR, 

   No length of time can make me forget Mr. Oliphant. I understand you have collected several memorandums of our Master, and have the pleasure to send you a child’s head drawn by him when a boy, and a shot bag which he used before he left Rome. I got them from my uncle when I was in Italy twenty-one years ago, and think they can be nowhere so well bestowed as in your collection. – Your most humble servant, 

JOHN EDGAR.    

James Edgar, the Secretary, is of course the ‘uncle’ mentioned in the letter. Gask and John Edgar had been comrades together in Lochiel’s regiment. 

   Laurence Oliphant was the son of Laurence Oliphant of Gask and his wife Amelia, daughter of William, second Lord Nairne. Both father and son, the latter then a mere stripling of twenty-one, were among the first to join the standard of Prince Charles Edward on his entering Perth. Old Gask was appointed along with Lord Strathallan to undertake the civil and military government of the North, but young Laurence accompanied the Prince throughout his campaign. Both the Oliphants were present at Culloden, after which they lurked for six miserable months in Aberdeenshire, eventually, however, escaping to the Continent. They returned to Scotland in 1763, and, although their attainder had not been recalled, were allowed by the Government to remain unmolested. The elder Oliphant died in 1767, but his son lived till 1792, and to the last remained steadfast in his loyalty to the Stewarts. When the newspapers were read to him, he would never permit George III. and his consort to be mentioned except as the ‘K.’ and ‘Q.’ The characters of the two Oliphants have been well and lovingly drawn by their descendant, Mr. Kington Oliphant, in his Jacobite Lairds of Gask. Both of them were the embodiment of chivalrous devotion to a fallen house and a lost cause, and it would be difficult to select two finer examples of the best type of the old Scots cavalier. The younger Gask, by his marriage with Margaret, eldest daughter of Struan Robertson, was father of Carolina, Lady Nairne, regarding whom see No. 600, p. 152. 

(595) Lent by T. L. KINGTON OLIPHANT. 

   PAIR OF STEEL SPURS, worn by Prince Charles Edward, and given by him to the elder Gask. The Prince entered Perth on the evening of the 4th September 1745, and next day Gask entertained him to breakfast, on which occasion the host and guest exchanged spurs. The chair occupied by the Prince at the meal was for scores of years never allowed to be profaned by being again used. 

(S99) Lent by T. L. KINGTON OLIPHANT. 

   BONNET, given by Prince Charles Edward to Sir Stuart Threipland, and sent by the latter to Laurence Oliphant. All the younger Gask’s friends knew his penchant for gathering together relics of the Prince, and were glad to furnish contributions to his collection. Sir Stuart Threipland was one of the most devoted adherents of the White Rose, and after Culloden Lochiel and he for a time sought refuge among the Braes of Rannoch. Lochiel had been severely wounded in both ankles, and his companion, who had been bred to the medical profession, was of great service to him in his maimed condition. Eventually Sir Stuart escaped to the Continent, where he remained until the Act of Indemnity permitted his return to Scotland. As his wife was possessed of an estate he was comparatively well off, and was enabled to assist many of the distressed Jacobites – indeed it is said that at one time he had twenty of these unfortunate men absolutely depending on him. He bought back his paternal estate of Fingask in 1782, and died in 1805. (See The Threiplands of Fingask. By Robert Chambers, LL.D. Edinburgh: 1880.) 

(596) Lent by T. L. KINGTON OLIPHANT. 

   RIBBON, of the Order of the Garter, which belonged to Prince Charles Edward. 

(592) Lent by T. L. KINGTON OLIPHANT. 

   BRONZE CRUCIFIX, which belonged to Prince Charles Edward. 

(594) Lent by T. L. KINGTON OLIPHANT. 

   COCKADE, worn by Prince Charles Edward in I745. 

(597) Lent by T. L. KINGTON OLIPHANT. 

   PAIR OF SHOES, worn by Prince Charles Edward in 1746, and given by him to Flora Macdonald. 

(593) Lent by T. L. KINGTON OLIPHANT. 

   LETTER, written from Florence by Prince Charles Edward to Monseigneur Cowley, Prior of the English Benedictines at Paris, dated 21st February 1783, in which the Prince expresses his pleasure in remembering his faithful follower, Oliphant of Gask, whose family, he says, never derogated from their principles. The letter concludes – ‘Not douting in ye least of ye son being ye same, make them both know these my sentiments, with ye particular esteem that follows a rediness to prove it, if occasion offered.’ 

(598) Lent by T. L. KINGTON OLIPHANT. 

   A SILVER COLLAR, for an Italian greyhound, sent by Prince Charles Edward in 1750 to Lady Threipland, widow of Sir David Threipland of Fingask. She was the heroine of the episode described on page 131. On the collar are engraved the royal arms, charged with a label. It also bears the following inscription: ‘C. Stewartus Princeps Juventutis.’ 

(589) Lent by W. MURRAY THREIPLAND. 

   POCKET KNIFE, which belonged to Prince Charles Edward, and was presented by him to a member of the Threipland family. 

(634) Lent by the REV. JOHN W. RITCHIE. 

   PLAID, worn by Prince Charles Edward, taken from his shoulders and given out of gratitude to a farmer’s wife for affording him protection after Culloden while pursued by Cumberland’s soldiery. 

(635) Lent by JOHN G. MACLEAN. 

   A GOLD PIN, in a small piece of Prince Charles Edward’s kilt or plaid, given by him a day or two before Culloden to Lady Mackintosh, the wife of Mackintosh of Mackintosh, who, though her husband was a captain in Lord Loudoun’s Highlanders, and either was or affected to be thoroughly loyal to the House of Hanover, became a devoted partisan of the Stewart cause, and raised two battalions of the clan for the Prince. Being herself a Farquharson of Invercauld, 300 Farquharsons, under Farquharson of Monaltrie, were added to these, and a very good regiment was thus formed. On account of this achievement Lady Mackintosh came to be generally known as ‘Colonel Anne,’ and it is said that at a later period of the campaign Mackintosh, her husband, having been taken prisoner, was brought into the presence of his wife, who was with the Prince’s army in her semi-military capacity. Tradition reports that she calmly remarked. ‘Your servant, captain!’ to which he replied, ‘Your servant, colonel!’ 

(649) Lent by the SENATUS OF THE FREE CHURCH COLLEGE, ABERDEEN. 

   COMMISSION, by Prince Charles Edward to Cluny Macpherson, ‘to raise in arms for our service all the men you possibly can,’ dated at Fairntower. 3d February 1746. Fairntower is situated close to Crieff, and was the house of Lord John Drummond, the uncle of the Duke of Perth. The Prince slept there on the night of the 2nd of February, his army having that day marched from Dunblane to Crieff. On the 3d he reviewed his forces, and in view of the difficulty of providing subsistence for his army decided to divide it into two portions, the one consisting of the clans, the other of the Lowland troops. The latter were placed under the command of Lord George Murray, and continued their march to Inverness by the east coast, while the Prince and the Highlanders set forward by the ordinary military road through Perthshire. Lord John Drummond was attainted for the share he had taken in the civil war of 1745. On the death of his nephew, in May 1746, he assumed the title of Duke of Perth, and died at Edinburgh on 27th October 1757. 

(562) Lent by CLUNY MACPHERSON. 

Plate XIX. – Engraved Plate for Paper Money for Prince Charles Edward.

   SILVER DRINKING-CUP, used by Prince Charles Edward in 1745. It bears engraved on it the royal arms of Scotland, and the initials ‘C. P. R.’ (See Fig. 106, also p. 304.) 

(571) Lent by CLUNY MACPHERSON. 

 WOODEN COFFEE MILL, with brass mounting, used by Prince Charles Edward in 1745. 

(570) Lent by CLUNY MACPHERSON. 

   COPPER PLATE, for engraving paper money, bearing monogram ‘P. C.’ surmounted by crown and Prince of Wales’ feathers (see Plate XIX.). It could be used for making notes of the value of sixpence, threepence, twopence, and one penny, and four others in which the value is left blank. It was found at the west end of Loch Laggan about 1835, and is supposed to have been dropped there by some of Prince Charles Edward’s followers when on their way to the cave at Loch Ericht in Badenoch. This plate was engraved by Sir Robert Strange at Inverness a few days before the battle of Culloden, and he himself gives a graphic description of the circumstances under which Prince Charles commissioned him to execute the work. See Dennistoun’s Life of Strange. Illustrative details and description of the engraving was given by the late Dr. John Stuart in the Proc. Soc. Ant. Scot., vol. vi. (1868). The plate is much honeycombed; an impression of it, in its present condition, is given on Plate XIX. 

(568) Lent by CLUNY MACPHERSON. 

   WOODEN QUAICH, which belonged to Prince Charles Edward, and was used by him at and after Culloden. He presented it to Donald McGregor, House of Burn, from one of whose descendants it was purchased by its present owner. 

(529) Lent by ANDREW DAVIE. 

   STOOL, upon which Prince Charles Edward sat while in hiding in South Uist after Culloden. Given by Miss Rachael Macdonald of Borovey, North Uist, the great-granddaughter of Flora Macdonald, to the present owner. 

(530) Lent by ALEXANDER CARMICHAEL. 

   HORN SPOON, used by Prince Charles Edward in preparing his dinner in the hut in Benbecula where he was living, on the occasion of his meeting with Flora Macdonald and Lady Clanranald. The two ladies with some attendants arrived at the hut on 27th June 1746, bringing with them the ‘flowered linen goun, a light-coloured quilted petticoat. a white apron, and a mantle of dim camlet made after the Irish fashion, with a hood,’ which formed the disguise the Prince was to wear in his character of Betty Burke. They found him engaged in roasting the heart and liver of a sheep upon a wooden spit, and the three dined together, Miss Macdonald sitting on the Prince’s right hand, and Lady Clanranald on the left. The next day Charles and his protectress set forth on their voyage to Skye. 

(651) Lent by MRS WYLDE. 

   A SILVER CUP, used by Prince Charles Edward. It bears the inscription, ‘A. McD. to M. N. 1763,’ having been a present from Allan Macdonald to whom Flora Macdonald was married in 1750. (See Fig. 107.) 

(650) Lent by MRS WYLDE. 

   PUNCH-BOWL, broken by Prince Charles Edward at Kingsburgh House, Skye. The Prince, in his disguise of Betty Burke, and Flora Macdonald, arrived at Kingsburgh about eleven o’clock on the evening of Sunday, 29th June 1746, being conducted thither by Alexander Macdonald of Kingsburgh. Supper being served, Kingsburgh made toddy in this bowl, and the Prince was pleased to express himself much delighted with the beverage. It being late, and the bowl having been emptied several times, Kingsburgh reminded his royal guest that as it was necessary he should proceed on his journey with the least possible delay, he would suggest his going at once to bed that he might enjoy a good night’s rest. The Prince, however, insisted on continuing the carouse, and when Kingsburgh rose to put away the bowl seized hold of it to detain it. In the struggle it was broken, but the pieces were carefully preserved and afterwards sent to London, where they were clasped together. For thus sheltering the Prince. Kingsburgh was apprehended and taken to Fort Augustus, where he was thrown into a dungeon. He was afterwards removed to Edinburgh Castle, and kept a close prisoner there until 4th July 1747, when he was liberated under the Act of Grace. He was great-great-great-grandfather of the lender. 

(578) Lent by MISS MARGARET MACALISTER WILLIAMSON. 

   SILVER SNUFF-BOX, given by Prince Charles Edward to Angus Macdonald (Borrodale), great-great-grandfather of the lender. It was at Borrodale, a farm on the southern shore of Loch-na-Nuagh belonging to Clanranald, and occupied by Angus Macdonald, that the Prince landed in Scotland on 25th July 1745. He was most heartily received, and, with about 100 men who constituted his guard, was entertained with the best cheer it was in the power of the old tacksman to offer. Till about the 11th of August (when he removed to Kinloch-Moidart) Charles remained at Borrodale, where numbers of people from the surrounding country flocked to see him, and whence he despatched envoys to all the chiefs from whom he had any expectation of assistance. Curiously enough it was also under the roof of Angus Macdonald at Borrodale that he spent his last night in Scotland previous to his departure for France on 20th September 1746. Angus Macdonald was the second son of John, fifth of Glenaladale, and was over eighty in 1745. From his advanced age he did not take part in the struggle, but his sons did so. The Glenaladale family are the oldest cadets of Clanranald, being descended from John Moydertach MacAlister, seventh chief. 

   The box bears on one side the inscription ‘Testimonium grati animi’ and on the other ‘Presented by Prince Charles Edward Stewart to Angus Macdonald at Borrodale, whose roof afforded him shelter on two memorable occasions, the first and the last nights which he spent in Scotland, 1746.’ The former inscription is original, the latter was composed by Sir Walter Scott, and engraved on the box by his instructions on the occasion of the relic having been at his desire sent to him for inspection. (See Fig. 108.) 

(671) Lent by COLONEL JOHN A. MACDONALD OF GLENALADALE. 

   GOLD WATCH, set with brilliants, which belonged to Prince Charles Edward. On the back there is a portrait in enamel of the Duchess of Albany, the natural daughter of the Prince by his mistress Miss Walkinshaw. A few months before his death he executed a deed in which he legitimated her, and she became his sole heir. The portrait is surrounded by a circle of brilliants, and a similar circle surrounds the face of the watch, while the hands are also set with very small diamonds. On the Prince’s death at Florence in 1788 the watch passed into the possession of his faithful follower Thomas Nairne, son of the attainted Lord Nairne, who brought it with him to Sancerre in France, a great resort of the adherents of the Stewart cause, from its being the residence of one of the Macnabs of Inishewen, who had married a French heiress. The watch was presented to the lender’s father on his paying a visit to his kinsfolk the Macnabs at Sancerre about the year 1834. (See Fig. 109.) 

(672) Lent by COLONEL JOHN A. MACDONALD OF GLENALADALE. 

   RING, containing hair of Prince Charles Edward. The ring itself is not a relic, having been made under the instructions of the lender’s father to contain the hair. 

(673) Lent by COLONEL JOHN A. MACDONALD OF GLENALADALE. 

   AUTOGRAPH LETTER (in frame), from Prince Charles Edward to Cluny Macpherson, in the following terms:- (See Fig. 110.) 

   ‘MR. McPHERSON OF CLUNIE. 

   ‘As we are sensible of your and clan’s fidelity and integrity to us during our adventures in Scotland and England in the years 1745 and 1746 in recovering our just rights from the Elector of Hanover, by which you have suffered very great losses in your interest and person, I therefore promise when it shall please God to put it in my power to make a grateful return suitable to your sufferings. 

CHARLES P. R.    

   ‘DIRALAGICH IN GLENCAMGIER OF LOCHARKAG, 

   ‘18th Septr. 1746.’ 

   The Prince arrived at Glencamgier on the 17th, where he found Cluny and Dr. Cameron, who were expecting him there. On the 18th he set out for Loch-na-Nuagh, where the French ships ‘L’Heureux’ and ‘La Princesse de Conti’ were lying, and on the 20th embarked with his followers on board them. 

   This letter formerly belonged to Sir Walter Scott. The Prince used new style in the date, although it was not introduced into Great Britain until 1752. 

(564) Lent by CLUNY MACPHERSON. 

   AUTOGRAPH LETTER, from Prince Charles Edward to Cluny Macpherson, in the following terms:- ‘Thanks to God I am arrived safe on bord ye vessel which is a verry clever one and has another alongst with her as good. Ye first is of 36 guns and ye second 32. I have spoken to Logary and his demand for ye poor Glengarrymen is a hundred and fifty pound which I agree shud be given to his brother, for ye Macgregors and Stuards I opine it will be sufficient to give them a hundred pound apiece, and for Lokel’s clan three hundred pound. This is writ in a hurry and I have not time to explain more particularly. Keppoch’’ lady should have a hundred pound.’ 

   This letter must have been written on 20th September, the day of the Prince’s embarkation on board ‘L’Heureux.’ It shows his warm regard for and interest in the clansmen who had followed him with such unflinching loyalty. (See Fig. 111.) 

(580) Lent by W. MURRAY THREIPLAND. 

   SMALL MS. SHEET OF MUSIC, which when folded in a particular manner conveyed a warning to Prince Charles Edward – ‘Conceal yourself, your foes look for you.’ 

(565) Lent by CLUNY MACPHERSON. 

   A MAP of the Wanderings of Prince Charles Edward after Culloden. 

(546) Lent by CAPTAIN ANSTRUTHER THOMSON. 

   GOLD WATCH-CHAIN, which belonged to Prince Charles Edward, and was given by him to James Gordon of Cobairdy, on his taking leave of the Prince at Paris in 1747 – ‘H.R.H. requesting Mr. Gordon’s watch-chain in exchange.’ This was a complimentary custom of the time. 

(619) Lent by C. E. DALRYMPLE. 

   AUTOGRAPH LETTER or MEMORANDUM, from Prince Charles Edward to Cluny Macpherson, dated 29th February 1748. 

(563) Lent by CLUNY MACPHERSON. 

   SMALL CANNON, on wooden carriage with wheels, which belonged to the army of Prince Charles Edward which invaded England in 1745. It is probably one of the twenty small field-pieces the Prince brought with him from France. Presented to Lady Willoughby de Eresby by John Delane, Esq. 

(579) Lent by the BARONESS WILLOUGHBY DE ERESBY. 

   LETTER, in French, from the Princess Louisa Maximiliana Carolina de Stolberg-Gœdern, wife of Prince Charles Edward, to Lady Strange, dated ‘le 19 10bre.’ Signed ‘Louise R.’ 

(622) Lent by ALEXANDER PELHAM TROTTER. 

   LETTER, in English, from the Princess to Lady Strange, dated the ‘one-twenty January 1788.’ Signed, ‘Louis de Stolberg C. d’Albanie.’ This letter was written a few days before the death of Prince Charles Edward, who passed away on the 30th January 1788. They had, however, been separated for nearly eight years prior to this. 

(621) Lent by ALEXANDER PELHAM TROTTER. 

   MENTE KÖTTÖ, or MANTLE CHAIN, worn by the Hungarian nobility in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, which belonged to the Princess Louisa Maximiliana de Stolberg-Gœdern, wife of Prince Charles Edward. Formerly in the possession of the Comte d’Albanie. 

(524) Lent by the MARQUESS OF BUTE. 

   A JACOBITE COCKADE. 

(577) Lent by MRS. MARKHAM. 

   BIRETTA, which belonged to Cardinal York. 

(540) Lent by CAPTAIN ANSTRUTHER THOMSON. 

   PINCE-NEZ, which belonged to Cardinal York (in original case). 

(576) Lent by MRS. MARKHAM. 

   SIMPLE MITRE, of White Damask, which belonged to Henry Benedict Stewart (Henry IX.) [Cardinal York], in a leather case bearing the royal arms, with a cardinal’s hat above. 

(541) Lent by CAPTAIN ANSTRUTHER THOMSON. 

   PORTRAIT, of Henry Benedict Stewart (Henry IX.). (See Plate XX.) This unfortunate Prince, best known in history under the name of Cardinal York, was the younger son of James Francis Edward Stewart (James VIII. and III.), and was born on the 6th of March 1725. In his early years distinguished by high spirits and a lively temperament he took a warm interest in his brother’s expedition to Britain in 1745, and set out for Dunkirk to join the French troops which were intended to co-operate with the Stewart forces against their Hanoverian opponents. It would seem, however, as if the disastrous issue of the contest led him to think it was vain to hope that his race would ever regain the throne of Britain, for in 1747, when only twenty-two years of age, he, to the great grief of the loyal Jacobites, decided to take orders, and received a Cardinal’s hat from Benedict XIV. by whom he was also created Bishop of Frascati. On the death of his brother in 1788 he succeeded to the representation of the House of Stewart, but took no further steps to assert his claim to the British throne than by having a medal struck with the following inscription:- HENRICUS IX. ANGLIAE REX DEI GRATIA SED NON VOLUNTATE HOMINUM. During the greater portion of his life the income derived from his see and the revenues of the Abbeys of S. Amand and Anchin in France enabled him to live in a manner befitting his rank. His later years were, however, darkened by calamity. When the French Revolution deprived him of his Abbeys, and Napoleon’s invasion of Italy in 1796 stripped him of his episcopal revenues, he unselfishly sold his family jewels to aid Pope Pius VI. in paying the indemnity demanded by the French after the capture of Rome. There he resided till 1798, in which year the revolutionary troops plundered his palace, scattering his fine library and collection of antiquities. He had to fly for his life, first to Padua. He was living in great poverty in Venice when his condition became known to George III., who at once instructed Lord Minto, the British Ambassador at Vienna, to offer to the aged representative of the Stewarts in as delicate a manner as possible a pension of £4000 per annum. The Prince accepted the offer in the spirit in which it was made. He returned to Home, and with his death, in June 1807, the direct line of the Stewarts came to an end. 

(553) Lent by the DUKE OF HAMILTON. 

   MONOCHROME MINIATURE, of Henry Benedict Stewart (Henry IX.) [Cardinal York]. 

(632) Lent by ALEXANDER PELHAM TROTTER. 

   ORDER, to George Bogle of Daldowie, to furnish 1000 stones of hay, 30 bolls of oats, and 4 carts of straw, for the use of Prince Charles Edward’s army, then quartered in Glasgow, dated 25th December 1745. 

(601) Lent by MISS BROWN. 

   PROTECTION, to George Bogle of Daldowie, dated at Glasgow, 29th December 1745. It is signed by John Murray of Broughton, who afterwards betrayed his former comrades. 

(602) Lent by MISS BROWN. 

   CLAYMORE, which belonged to Donald Macdonald, a cadet of the family of Keppoch, who had held the rank of major in the army of Prince Charles Edward. He was one of the prisoners taken at Carlisle, and was (with two others) executed at Kennington Common on 22d August 1746. The claymore is inscribed ANDREA on the one side of the blade, and FERARA on the other, and has an open-work hilt terminating in an acorn-shaped pommel. 

(609) Lent by PHILIP JOHN CANNING HOWARD. 

   SWORD, used by Alexander Stewart of Duntalich at Culloden. The tradition is that Duntalich, having broken his own claymore in killing an officer of Ligonier’s regiment, took the latter’s sword and fought with it throughout the day. The name of the maker. ‘J. J. Runkel, Solingen,’ which is inscribed on the blade, is corroborative of the truth of the tradition, as it is known Ligonier’s troop had arrived from Holland shortly before the battle. 

(617) Lent by W. MURRAY THREIPLAND. 

Plate XX. – Portrait of Henry Benedict Stewart (Cardinal York).

   TWO SWORDS (Andrea Ferrara) used in a troop raised by Gray of Carntyne in the interest of the House of Hanover in 1745. 

(543) Lent by CAPTAIN ANSTRUTHER THOMSON. 

   ANDREA FERRARA SWORD, which was used at the battle of Culloden. The open work of the hilt is wrought in the form of thistles. 

(590) Lent by W. MURRAY THREIPLAND. 

   ANDREA FERRARA BROADSWORD, rare basket hilt. From the field of Preston, Lancashire, where it was left during the retreat of Prince Charles Edward’s forces. Marked ‘Andria Ferara’ on both sides, with running fox. 

(1500) Lent by ROBERT GLEN. 

   SWORD, which was used at Falkirk. It is a back-sword, with a double fluting on each side and ‘ANDRIA FARARA’ twice repeated on each side. 

(616) Lent by W. MURRAY THREIPLAND. 

   SWORD, worn by Colonel Gardiner at the battle of Prestonpans. This brave and pious soldier, though deserted by his panic-stricken followers, bore himself with the utmost courage. He was, however, cut down by a Highlander with a scythe fastened to a pole, and, being dragged from his horse, another mountaineer named Ian Macdonald struck him a blow on the head, from the effects of which he died a few hours afterwards in the Manse of Tranent. The sword (which is extremely plain, and altogether destitute of ornament) was taken from Colonel Gardiner by Macdonald, and remained in the possession of descendants of the latter till 1856. (Fig. 112.) 

(614) Lent by W. MURRAY THREIPLAND. 

   SWORD, worn by the Duke of Perth at Culloden. (See Fig. 113.) 

(611) Lent by the BARONESS WILLOUGHBY DE ERESBY. 

   DIRK, used at Prestonpans and Falkirk. 

(613) Lent by W. MURRAY THREIPLAND. 

   DIRK, worn by Cluny Macpherson during the ‘45. The sheath is of leather mounted with silver, and contains a knife and fork. The handles of the two latter, and the weapon itself, are of the usual Celtic twisted pattern. Length of blade, 11 inches. (See Fig. 114.) 

(566) Lent by CLUNY MACPHERSON. 

   SNUFF-MULL, with pestle, used by Cluny Macpherson during the nine years throughout which he lurked concealed in Badenoch. The iron hoop which encircles it was made and put on by himself. 

(567) Lent by CLUNY MACPHERSON. 

   POWDER-HORN, carried by one of the Clan Robertson at all the battles from 1689 to 1746. 

(612) Lent by W. MURRAY THREIPLAND. 

   A TRANSCRIPT of despatches on vellum. 

(626) Lent by ALEXANDER PELHAM TROTTER. 

   THREE WHITE ROSES, forming a cockade, probably worked by Lady Strange at the time of Culloden. 

(623) Lent by ALEXANDER PELHAM TROTTER. 

   HORN QUAICH, found on Culloden Muir after the battle. 

(646) Lent by MRS. CAMERON. 

   THE GLOVES worn on the scaffold by William, fourth Earl of Kilmarnock. They are of gauntlet shape, richly embroidered, and still apparently bear marks of blood on them. They were given by Alexander, tenth Duke of Hamilton (in whose family they long had been), to Alexander Campbell, Esq., of Bedlay, as the owner of an estate which had belonged to ancestors of Lord Kilmarnock. (See Fig. 115.) 

(610) Lent by T. CRAIG CHRISTIE OF BEDLAY. 

   DIAMOND RING, which belonged to William, fourth Earl of Kilmarnock, beheaded on Tower Hill, 18th August 1746. Lord Kilmarnock had at first been a supporter of the Hanoverian interest, and his son, Lord Boyd, was an officer in the Scots Fusiliers, but through an accidental meeting with Prince Charles Edward was induced to throw in his lot with the adherents of the Stewart cause. It is probable, however, that he was chiefly led to do so by the influence of his wife, Anne, daughter of James, fifth Earl of Linlithgow, a devoted Jacobite, who subsequently signalised herself by the invitation she gave to General Hawley to breakfast with her at Callendar House on the morning of the Battle of Falkirk, when, by adroitly detaining him the whole forenoon, she enabled the Prince to place his army in advantageous positions, which materially contributed to the victory. 

   In the retreat after Culloden, Lord Kilmarnock, blinded by smoke and the falling snow, mistook a party of Hanoverian soldiers for those of the Prince, and was taken prisoner. He made extreme efforts to save his life, humiliating himself by expressions of contrition for the part he had taken in the civil war, and by professions of his loyalty to the reigning house; but all these were unavailing, and he was executed at the same time as the intrepid Lord Balmerino, whose unshaken firmness of spirit had presented so complete a contrast to the demeanour of his fellow-sufferer. 

   The ring, with another in emeralds, was given by Lord Kilmarnock, immediately before his execution, to the Reverend Laurence Hill, then minister of Kilmarnock, afterwards of the Barony Parish, Glasgow. Mr. Hill had married the only daughter, by a second marriage, of Letitia Boyd, cousin and widow of the second Earl of Kilmarnock. The ring has belonged successively to his descendants ever since. The emerald ring is also extant, and belonged to the late Lord-Lieutenant of Lanarkshire, Sir Thomas Edward Colebrooke, Bart., who was connected with another branch of the Rev. Mr. Hill’s family. 

   The jewels with which the ring is set are seventeen in number. A large diamond occupies the centre; it is surrounded by ten smaller stones, and three still less stretch along a portion of the hoop at each side. It seems probable from its size that the ring was worn on the middle finger. 

(532) Lent by WILLIAM HENRY HILL, LL.D. 

   PART of the ‘Journal of the Marches of His Royal Highness the Prince Regent’s army, from the time they entered England, the 8th of November, till their return to Scotland, the 20th of December.’ Printed at Glasgow. The Prince, recognising the advantage his opponents had over him in their possession of the public press, and doubtless irritated at the falsehood of the reports issued by the Hanoverians, seized the opportunity of his stay in Glasgow to print and issue a journal giving an account of his campaign. 

(643) Lent by MATTHEW SHIELDS. 

   FIVE SMALL ROLLS, being secret despatches relating to the movements of the troops, etc. They were concealed in the curls of wigs or in the spur-holes of boots. (See Fig. 116.) 

(625) Lent by ALEXANDER PELHAM TROTTER. 

   COPY of ‘The Glasgow Journal by authority,’ of date 1st January 1746. Issued by Prince Charles Edward. 

(642) Lent by MATTHEW SHIELDS. 

   COPY of the ‘Glasgow Courant,’ of date 26th April 1746, containing an account of the Battle of Culloden. 

(645) Lent by MISS BROWN. 

   ‘ACCOUNT of the Battle of Falkirk.’ Printed at Bannockburn, January 1746, by the direction and under the authority of the Prince. This sheet was issued from a printing press he had brought with him from Glasgow. It was not, however, destined to be again used, as the rapidity of the subsequent movements of the Jacobite forces rendered it impossible to carry with them so ponderous a machine. 

(641) Lent by MATTHEW SHIELDS. 

   COPY of ‘The Glasgow Journal by authority,’ containing an account of the battle of Prestonpans, with lists of officers killed and prisoners taken on both sides. Issued by Prince Charles Edward. 

(644) Lent by ARCHIBALD GILCHRIST. 

   ONE of a series of LETTER-BOOKS, containing a copy of the correspondence of Andrew Lumisden, the faithful secretary of the Stewart Princes. Lumisden was the son of William Lumisden, burgess of Edinburgh, by his wife, Mary, daughter of Robert Bruce, third son of Robert Bruce of Kennet. William Lumisden had served in the Jacobite forces during the civil war of 1715, and it was only natural that his son, alike from personal predilection and hereditary attachment to the cause, should at once join the Stewart standard in 1745. On the recommendation of Sir Alexander Dick he was appointed secretary to the Prince, and became custodian of the Great Seal. After Culloden he underwent much suffering and privation, but eventually escaped to the Continent, and reached Rome in 1749, bringing the seal with him. He was now nominated one of the secretaries of James Francis Edward Stewart (James VIII. and III.), and continued to fill that position with the utmost fidelity till his master’s death on 1st January 1766. He then became secretary to Prince Charles Edward, but the unfortunate habits into which the latter had fallen led to strained relations between them, and eventually Charles dismissed his devoted follower from his service. Soon after this Lumisden made his peace with the Government and returned to his native land, dying in Edinburgh on 26th December 1801. Like his colleague, James Edgar, he was a zealous archæologist, and a work written by him on the Antiquities of Rome and its Environs possesses considerable merit. 

   The letters (which are copied very neatly and methodically) show the secretary to have possessed not only great tact and discretion in the discharge of the delicate duties intrusted to him, but to have been animated by the most devoted loyalty to the cause which he had espoused. 

   In a letter written to Mr. Alexander Murray on 11th October 1759, he says: ‘How much I long for an opportunity to meet again the enemies of my king and country in the field of battle! I shall lose no time in repassing the formidable Alps as soon as I am honoured with orders for that purpose;’ and passages breathing the same spirit occur in other letters. 

   Throughout the correspondence his exiled master is spoken of as the writer’s ‘cousin,’ while Prince Charles Edward is referred to either as his ‘young cousin,’ or as ‘Mr. Burton.’ The affairs of the Stewart cause are spoken of as ‘trade’ or ‘business.’ The Order of the Thistle (for which an application had been made by the above-named Alexander Murray) is referred to as ‘flowers.’ 

   The letters show the exiled head of the Stewarts in a most favourable light, and it is apparent from them that he must have assisted his distressed followers, not only by using his influence at the French and Papal courts on their behalf, but by affording substantial pecuniary succour to the more needy as far as his straitened circumstances would permit. They also show the strained relations which existed between him and his elder son, and indicate how much the unhappy father felt alike the want of confidence with which he was treated by Charles, and the imprudence and folly of the latter’s general conduct. In a letter, dated 3d December 1760, Lumisden writes to M. Goodwin: ‘I need use few words to persuade you of the affliction it gives me to find that our mercantile undertakings should have been so much neglected, and which is still increased as the principal partner has of late shown so little activity in exerting himself in his own and our common interests. I flatter myself, however, at this critical conjuncture he will lose no time to form an expert and able crew to man our ship, whereby alone we can have our returns sooner than our Hamboro’ rivals… My cousin, who has nothing so much at heart as our friend’s real advantage, does all he can to rouse him from his indolence, and to make him act as you wish. But as he has long since left to him the detail of accounts he never enters into particulars with him.’ And in another letter to M. Goodwin in March following he says:- ‘As for Mr. Burton, my cousin has now been a year and a half without having received any letter from him, tho’ he has writ several to him, and since the month of July last he has not so much as writ anything to Mr. Edgar, to whom he used to write a few lines every week. It is many years since my cousin observed that he had lost intirely Mr. Burton’s confidence, but it never came to the pitch it is now at… In two words, my cousin is not in a condition of acting personally to promote our mercantile scheme, and Mr. Burton’s silence and behaviour to him renders it impracticable to my cousin to give any advice, much less directions, in what relates to these matters for fear of making things worse than they are, and thereby encrease the present confusion… For you cannot but see the straits he is in, and the little he can do in prudence, and especially at this distance, to give an helping hand himself to that good work, altho’ he has nothing so much at heart as the good of the trade, and the honour and welfare of Mr. Burton.’ 

   In addition to the official correspondence, the book contains a number of letters to the secretary’s sister, Mrs. (afterwards Lady) Strange, and her husband, and throughout breathe a tone of the warmest affection. (See Fig. 117.) 

(629) Lent by ALEXANDER PELHAM TROTTER. 

   MEDALLION, of Andrew Lumisden, by Tassie. (See Fig. 118.) 

(628) Lent by ALEXANDER PELHAM TROTTER. 

   A SAMPLER (of date 1729), worked by Isobel Lumisden, sister of Andrew Lumisden, and wife of Sir Robert Strange. As has already been mentioned, it was entirely through her influence over her lover that he was induced to join the standard of Prince Charles Edward in 1745. 

(624) Lent by ALEXANDER PELHAM TROTTER. 

   A PRAYER-BOOK (published at Edinburgh, 1744), which belonged to Isobel Lumisden, afterwards Lady Strange. In the prayers for the Royal Family the names of the reigning dynasty are erased, and those of the exiled Stewarts substituted. 

(627) Lent by ALEXANDER PELHAM TROTTER. 

   PAIR OF GARTERS, made of coloured silk. bearing the legend – 

Come let us with one heart agree 

To pray that God may bless Prince C. 

(575) Lent by MRS. MARKHAM. 

   THREE JACOBITE RINGS, bearing respectively the following mottoes – (1) ‘Awa’, Whigs, awa’! (2) ‘Do come,’ (3) ‘The rose that’s like the snaw.’ 

(583) Lent by W. MURRAY THREIPLAND. 

   TWO JACOBITE DRINKING-GLASSES, preserved at Fingask, having engraved on them the portrait of Prince Charles Edward, with the rose and thistle, and the motto ‘Audentior Ibo.’ (See Fig. 119.) 

(584) Lent by W. MURRAY THREIPLAND. 

   PIN-CUSHION, bearing the names of a number of Jacobites executed for the part they had taken in the civil war of 1745, with the words ‘Mart. for K. and Con. 1746.’ 

(585) Lent by W. MURRAY THREIPLAND. 

   A SILK CUSHION, bearing the names of Jacobites executed for their share in the civil war, with the words ‘Mart, for K. and Con. 1746.’ 

(630) Lent by ALEXANDER PELHAM TROTTER. 

   ENAMELLED RING, with the inscription: ‘Pro Rege Et Patria.’ 

(631) Lent by ALEXANDER PELHAM TROTTER. 

   WINE-GLASS, bought about sixty years ago in Perth at the sale of the effects of Captain Fraser of the Lovat family, among which were many Jacobite relics. 

(647) Lent by MISS HELEN E. JARVIE. 

   A BADGE, of cut steel, worn in memory of the civil war of 1745. 

(539) Lent by the EARL OF ROSEBERY. 

   PORTRAIT, of Alexander Robertson of Struan, ‘the Poet Chief.’ This remarkable personage (who was the elder son of Alexander Robertson of Struan by his second wife, Marion, daughter of General Baillie of Letham) was born about 1670, and succeeded to the family estates in 1688. In the following year he led his clansmen to join the standard of Dundee, and though he was not present at Killiecrankie, decree of attainder was passed against him and his lands forfeited for the share he had taken in the rising. Seeking refuge in France, he served several campaigns in the armies of Louis XIV., but being fortunate in obtaining from Queen Anne in 1703 a remission of his offence, he returned to Scotland, where he remained living quietlv on his estates till 1715, when he again took the field on behalf of the Stewarts. At Sheriffmuir he fell into the hands of the Hanoverians, but was rescued by his friends. He was, however, soon afterwards again seized, and was being taken to Edinburgh when by his own adroitness and the assistance of his sister he managed to escape a second time to France. Continuing to live there for some years, he eventually again took possession of his estate, which had been preserved for him by his sister, to whom the Government had granted it. Undeterred by his previous unfortunate experiences, when Prince Charles Edward made his descent upon Scotland in 1745, the old chieftain again raised his clan and bade them rally round the young leader, telling them it was only his own great age which prevented him from placing himself at their head. Eventually this proved his safeguard, for as he had personally taken no active part in the civil war his estates were exempted from forfeiture, and his name omitted from the list of persons against whom proceedings were taken. He died at Carie in Rannoch on the 18th of April 1749 in his eightieth year, and with him terminated the direct line of the chiefs of the Clan Donachie. 

   His poems (some of which possess considerable merit) were published in a collected form a few years after his death. He is said to have been the prototype of the Baron of Bradwardine in Waverley

(607) Lent by MRS. ROBERTSON, SEN. 

   A SILVER-HANDLED KNIFE AND FORK, which belonged to Alexander Robertson of Struan, ‘the Poet Chief.’ 

(608) Lent by MRS. ROBERTSON, SEN. 

   LETTER, from Lady George Murray to the Duke of Atholl, dated 22d September 1745, containing an account of the Battle of Prestonpans. Lady George Murray was the only surviving child and heiress of James Murray of Glencarse and Strowan. Her husband (who was the fifth son of the first Duke of Atholl) was one of the most devoted adherents of Prince Charles Edward, acting as Lieutenant-General of the Jacobite forces throughout their campaign. 

(636) Lent by SHERIFF ERSKINE MURRAY. 

   LETTER, from Alexander Robertson of Struan to the Duke of Atholl, dated Carie, October 14, 1745, in reference to certain orders of Prince Charles Edward. James, second Duke of Atholl, second surviving son of the first Duke, succeeded his father in 1724 in consequence of the attainder of his elder brother William, Marquess of Tullibardine, for the part taken by the latter in the civil war of 1715. The Marquess subsequently accompanied Prince Charles Edward in his descent upon Scotland in 1745, and had the honour of unfurling the royal standard at Glenfinnan. James, second Duke of Atholl (who succeeded to the sovereignty of the Isle of Man on the death of James, tenth Earl of Derby), died on 8th January 1764. 

(637) Lent by SHERIFF ERSKINE MURRAY. 

   LETTER, from Alexander Robertson of Struan to the Duke of Atholl, dated 18th October 1745, ending ‘God direct you and your good-natured Frailty.’ Indorsed ‘Letter from Strowan Robertson, which the Vis. of Strathallan, Mr. Mercer of Aldie, and other gentlemen present at the receiving of it could make nothing of; dated Carie, 18th October. Received at Perth the 20th.’ 

(638) Lent by SHERIFF ERSKINE MURRAY. 

   LETTER, from Alexander Robertson of Struan to the Duke of Atholl, expressing the opinion that ‘all are running to the Devill but the Duke of Atholl and the L–d of Str–n.’ Dated Carie, January 18th, 1746. 

(639) Lent by SHERIFF ERSKINE MURRAY. 

   LETTER, from Alexander Robertson of Struan to Mr. Thomas Blair in Atholl, dated January 28th, 1746. Indorsed ‘Letter with unworthy insinuations from the Laird of Strowan Robertson to Mr. Blair of Glascune, dated Carie, 28, Recd Blair 29 Janry. 1746.’ These letters (636-640) are printed in The Jacobite Correspondence of the Athole Family (Abbotsford Club, 1840). See also Fourth Report of the Hist. Manuscripts Commission, p. 528. 

(640) Lent by SHERIFF ERSKINE MURRAY. 

   PORTRAIT of Carolina Oliphant, Lady Nairne, and her son William, afterwards sixth Lord Nairne. Painted by Watson Gordon about 1815. 

(600) Lent by T. L. KINGTON OLIPHANT. 

   Lady Nairne was the daughter of Laurence Oliphant of Gask and his wife Margaret, daughter of Duncan Robertson of Struan. She was born 16th July 1766, and named Carolina after the Prince whom her father had served so faithfully. She married in 1806 William Murray Nairne, afterwards fifth Lord Nairne, a grandson of that Lord Nairne who had been exiled for the share he took in the civil war of 1745. The family title was restored by George IV. in 1824. Her writings are marked by a devoted attachment to the royal house for which her kinsfolk had suffered. Her Jacobite lyrics, and many of her other poems, such as ‘The Land o’ the Leal,’ ‘The Laird of Cockpen,’ ‘Huntingtower,’ ‘Caller Herrin’,’ etc., have an assured place in the literature of her country. She died at Gask on 27th October 1845. Her son William, sixth Lord Nairne, predeceased his mother, dying on 7th December 1837. The portrait here reproduced (Fig. 119) is from a miniature in the possession of Miss Steuart of Dalguise, a niece of Lady Nairne.

6 thoughts on “The Jacobite Period, pp.127-152.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s