THE town of Dalkeith is situated on a narrow stripe of land between the two Mid-Lothian Esks, the banks of which are here beautifully fringed with wood. It is six miles south-east of Edinburgh. The principal street is broad and spacious, containing a number of elegant houses, and the whole town may be considered as well-built. One of the greatest markets in Scotland for grain is held here every Thursday. There is another market of considerable extent held every Monday for the sale of meal, flour, and pot-barley, a considerable portion of the supplies brought to which come from the more southern parts of the county, and from the neighbouring counties of Roxburgh, Berwick, Peebles, and Selkirk. Dalkeith is also remarkable for the number of its shops and the extent of business done in them. Favoured by its extensive markets and convenient situation, the shopkeepers of this place contend successfully with those of the neighbouring metropolis in supplying with their peculiar commodities the inhabitants of the south and western parts of the country, and have thus contributed in no slight degree to the present comfort and respectability of the place. The population of the town of Dalkeith, in 1841, was 4,831; number of houses, 425.