14th of June

St Basil the Great, Archbishop of Cæsarea, confessor, 379. Saints Rufinus and Valerius, martyrs. St Docmael, or Toël, confessor, 6th century. St Nennus, or Nehemias, abbot, 7th century. St Psalmodius, hermit, 7th century. St Methodius, confessor, Patriarch of Constantinople, 846.

 

Died. – Father Garasse, French Jesuit controversialist, 1631, Poitiers; Marin Leroi, sieur de Gombervile, author of Polexandre and other romances, 1674; Claude Fleury, confessor to Louis XV. (ecclesiastical history), 1723; Colin Maclaurin, mathematician, 1746; General J. B. Kleber, assassinated, 1800, Cairo; General Louis Dessaix, killed at Marengo, 1800.

 

On this Day in Other Sources.

 

On the death of Bishop Matthew, William de Lawedre was provided to the bishopric by Pope Benedict XIII. without the election of the Chapter, who, however, did not dispute his appointment. He had previously been Archdeacon of Lothian. His parents were Robert and Annabella de Lawedre;1 and from the arms often repeated on the cathedral and found on his seal, he must have been of the ancient family of the Lauders of the Merse.2 He was appointed chancellor in 1423, and died 14th June 1425. He built the crypt below the chapter-house [of Glasgow Cathedral], and the steeple, with the battlements of the tower. 

– Sketches, pp.29-70. 

1  Crawford and Keith are mistaken as to this bishop’s parentage. They both say his father was Sir Allan Lauder of Hatton. I have given their story of the manner of his appointment to the see, because, though they both quote Fordun, who does not mention it, I find it in Spottiswood. It may be questioned, notwithstanding. Spottiswood says he was the first whom the Pope ever appointed of his mere authority to that see – certainly a mistake. – Crauf. Off. of State. Keith’s Bishops. Spottiswood. 
2  “Three bars within an escutcheon, with mitre, crozier, and the badges of his episcopal dignity.” – Crauf. Off. of State.

 

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1089. Notarial Instrument upon the “Appointment” of “discretus vir Dns. Jacobs Hyll” to the parsonage of the parish of Govan, taken in the hands of “Johannes Wythirspoun, presbit. Glesguen. Diocs. publicut apostolica auctoritate Notarius.” 14th June, 1549.

– Memorial Catalogue, Gallery 4.

 

The Regent Queen, when frequent insurrection required additional expenditure, was obliged to pawn her jewels, while the Cardinal was occupied, in paying off the debts of France. The Lord James expended the whole of his income, ecclesiastical, and civil, within Scotland, and France, in giving pensions, and gratuities, to his numerous partizans, who supported his pretensions, and promoted his views, whatever they were. 

During the short war, which ensued, experience evinced, that confidence does not always ensure success. The confederated Scots, and English, after several attempts discovered, that the vigilance of the French was not to be surprised, nor their discipline to be overcome, by whatever valour. The assailants, were repulsed, in their assault, on the 6th of May. The besiegers, perceiving that Leith was not to be soon taken, either by their skill, or bravery, grew weary of warfare. Negotiators were already on the road towards Edinburgh, to treat of pacification. At Berwick, on the 14th of June [1560], they entered into a preliminary treaty, with regard to the modes of conducting the principal negotiation. They now went forward to Edinburgh, where they found no legitimate government, for the Scotish nation. 

– Life of Mary, pp.15-41.

 

On the 14th of June [1567] she marched out, with a little army, towards Edinburgh, and halted at Gladsmoor. Here, a proclamation was read, at the head of her army: Exposing the professions of the insurgents, which were untrue, and hypocritical: Showing that her late marriage had been contracted, and solemnized, with the consent, and persuasions of the chiefs of the insurgents, as their writings testify: asserting that though they affected to fear for the safety of her son, who was in their own possession: yet, was their only object, to overthrow her and her posterity, that they themselves might rule, without controul: Stating that necessity had forced her to take arms, for her own defence, in the hope of having the support of all her subjects: And engaging, finally, to recompense their valorous services, with the lands of the insurgents. The Queen lay at Seaton, on the 14th of June; while her army was quartered in the adjacent villages. 

– Life of Mary, pp.155-184.

 

On the 14th [June, 1595,] five carters were convicted of “laying of staines af cartis” on the bridge, and also of “leiding of staines wpoun karris1 dayelie inlangis’ the bridge. Each was subjected to a penalty of 20s., imprisoned during the will of the bailie, and ordained not to repeat the offence under a penalty of £10 (15 marks). 

– Scots Lore, pp.15-29. 

1  Karris = sledges or hurdles.

 

The Lanarkshire lead-mines, under the care of Thomas Foulis, goldsmith in Edinburgh, and Bewis Bulmer, an Englishman, whom Thomas had assumed as partner, were now beginning to be a source of profit. The lead was transported on the backs of horses to sundry parts of the realm, but the greater part of it to Leith, where it was disposed of for exportation. Just, however, as all the mining difficulties had been overcome, the enterprisers found troubles of a different kind. The broken men of the Borders had heard of this valuable metal passing along the uplands of Clydesdale, and it seemed to them not too hazardous an adventure to cross the hills and make a dash at such a booty. We therefore now hear (June 14 [1597]) of the carriers of the lead, servants of Thomas Foulis, being occasionally beset on their way, and robbed by the Borderers of ‘horses, armour, clothing, and their haill carriage.’ 

– Domestic Annals, pp.124-176.

 

On the 14th Junii 1639, Margaret Douglas wrote to “Glenurchy” to Balloch for her son, and he came by the house in Glenurchy to Inverary with a sufficient company, if his mother’s letter was attended to. It does not appear from his accounts that he wore the Highland dress; his tutor did. 

– Popular Tales, Vol. 4, pp.53-75.

 

June 14 [1693]. – To promote the making of linen in Scotland, an act was passed in 1686 ordaining that ‘no corps of any persons whatsoever be buried in any shirt, sheet, or anything else except in plain linen,’ the relatives of deceased persons being obliged, under heavy penalties, to come to their parish minister within eight days of the burial and declare on oath that the rule had been complied with. Another act was now passed, ordaining that, for the same end, no lint should be exported from the kingdom; that lint imported should be duty free; and making sundry arrangements for a uniformity in the breadth of the cloth produced. There was likewise still another act conferring particular privileges on two companies which carried on the linen manufacture in Paul’s Work, Edinburgh, and in the Citadel of Leith, as an encouragement which was required for their success. 

– Domestic Annals, pp.342-354.

 

In 1725, “THE CALEDONIAN MERCURY” again changed its form. On the 14th of June it presented itself as a small quarto of four pages, without the Scottish arms. It was coarsely printed, on inferior paper, and published three times a week – Mondays, Tuesdays, and Thursdays. It was then “Printed for Wm. Rolland by Mr Thomas Ruddiman.” In this form, and with these days of publication, it remained till 1753. the price is not stated in the new volume, nor indeed throughout the subsequent volumes of the period; it may be interesting, however, to the general public to learn that during these twenty-eight years, and for wellnigh ten years afterwards, it was “Printed for and by Thomas and Walter Ruddimans” – names of no inferior literary and publishing note in the history of Scotland, Thomas having been, during a period of fifty years, the Keeper of the Library of the Society of Advocates, and author, as well as printer, of a number of erudite and valuable works. It cannot fail, also, to interest the Scottish public, whose memories are not likely to be impressed with the fact, that during the struggle of ’45, “THE CALEDONIAN MERCURY” was the Pretender’s organ, all the Prince’s public documents and despatches having appeared in it until his decisive defeat at Culloden. It would be a reflection on our journalistic character were we to keep back a fact like this, or insinuate that the principles of the “CALEDONIAN MERCURY” have remained unchanged during the lengthened period of its existence. 

Caledonian Mercury.

 

A.

Thebal. Guth. Guthani.

found written, as I have said, in the Glasgow Registrum very near the year 1200 by an ecclesiastic who filled up with it an almost empty page. The handwriting points very clearly to its date. I first called attention to it in the Athenaeum.1

– Scots Lore, pp.61-78.

1  No. 3481 of June 14, 1894.

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