Saints Abdon and Sennen, martyrs, 250. St Julitta, martyr, about 303.
Born. – Angelo Poliziano, poet and classic commentator, 1454, Montepulciano, Tuscany.
Died. – Pope Benedict I., 577; Ladislaus I., king of Hungary, 1095; Maria Theresa, queen of Louis XIV., 1683; John Sebastian Bach, eminent composer, 1750, Leipsic; Prince Chalres Lucien Bonaparte, naturalist, 1857, Paris.
On this Day in Other Sources.
On the 30th of July , another proclamation was issued: directing that the Queen’s husband should be styled King, and that all public proceedings should now run, in his name, and her’s as King and Queen of Scotland. In this manner, then, was this marriage effected, in the midst of so many difficulties, in the face of so much danger: It was to this marriage, which was opposed, and maligned, by a powerful faction, in Scotland, and by the government of England, that King James owed his birth, and his succession to the crown of both those kingdoms. Thus was the crown matrimonial placed upon the head of Darnley, though he was not aware of the meaning, or value, of what the Queen had done for him: More, he might have enjoyed, if he had been a prince of any genius, or a person of any talents: He was little more than nineteen, at the epoch of his marriage.
– Life of Mary, pp.98-126.
The 30th day of July, this same year , Francis, Earl of Bothwell, killed Sir William Stewart, in Edinburgh.
– Historical Works, pp.340-416.
July 30 . – The Privy Council had the subject of that ‘infective weed callit tobacco’ under their attention. The king had formerly, upon good reasons of policy, forbidden its importation into the country; but this decree had been sadly evaded, insomuch that ‘the country was ever universally filled with tobacco, and public and common merchandise made of the same.’ Then his majesty had tried the restraining effect of a duty (20s. Scots or 1s. 8d. English per pound); but the tobacco-merchants had learned the trick of smuggling, and it was not likely they would let it lie unfruitful when they could thereby save the payment of a tax. It had now, accordingly, become necessary to impose a new restraint; and the importation was again prohibited under pain of the goods being confiscated to his majesty’s use. – P. C. R.
An act of the Privy Council in the subsequent November explained that the king did not mean by this restraint ‘to deprive his loving subjects of the orderly sale and moderate use of tobacco,’ but only to prevent the abuse or excessive use of the herb. The prejudice of King James against tobacco was a strong feeling, partaking much of the character of antipathy. He published anonymously, and afterwards acknowledged the quaint pamphlet, A Counterblast to Tobacco, in which he argues against the use of the herb as a physical as well as moral corruption.
– Domestic Annals, pp.177-227.
July 30 . – License was given to one Edward Graham to have the keeping of a camel belonging to the king, and to take the animal throughout the kingdom that it might be shown to the people, ‘by tuck of drum or sound of trumpet, from time to time, without trouble or let,’ he and his servants engaging to behave themselves modestly, and not exhibit the camel on the Sabbath-day. – P. C. R.*
– Domestic Annals, pp.228-256.
* Jan . – The people of Edinburgh were regaled with the sight of a travelling dromedary, probably the first that had ever come into Scotland.** ‘It was very big,’ says Nicoll, ‘of great height, and cloven-footed like a cow, and on the back ane seat, as it were a saddle to sit on.’ ‘Being kept close in the Canongate, none had a sight of it without threepence the person. There was brought in with it ane little baboon, faced like unto an ape.’
– Domestic Annals, pp.278-301.
** Chambers has already described the touring of a camel through Scotland in the chapter Reign of Charles the First, 1625-1637, on the 30th of July, 1633.
2573. Portrait of Captain Archibald Patoun. [No date.]
Captain Patoun was the subject of the “Lament,” by Lockhart. “Oh we ne’er shall see the like of Captain Patoun no mo.” He was son of David Patoun, physician in Glasgow. He entered the Dutch military service (Scottish Brigade) in 1765, retired on a pension in 1774, and died on 30th July, 1807. He was nephew of Colonel Archibald Patoun, F.R.S., of the Engineers.
– Memorial Catalogue, Gallery 1.
‘Memorial Catalogue of the Old Glasgow Exhibition 1894’, Glasgow Inst. of the Fine Arts (1896), Short Refrain Commemorating Captain Patoun, p.xx.
‘CAPTAIN ARCHIBALD PATOUN.
Born in Glasgow, 1733; died in Glasgow, 1807.
Artiste in “Glasgow Punch.” ‘
“The two were UNITED – brought together on equal terms – conjoined on a free footing. Neither laid down arms to the other, but both agreed to disarm simultaneously, and to shake hands after long hostility. Scotland, at the period of the Union, was neither suppliant, nor in debt, nor unable to defend herself. She was free and independent, and freely and independently she agreed to unite to England for the common advantage…”
– Kilkenny Journal, and Leinster Commercial and Literary Adviser, Saturday 30th July, 1853.
– Treaty of Union Articles, 1850-1875.
“ ‘BRITAIN’ NOT ‘ENGLAND.’
The injustice to Scotland which was wont to be declaimed against by the late Mr Burns of Glasgow, and which recently formed the subject of some pungent comments from Mr Douglas Campbell, one of our London correspondents, has been taken up in a brief, but terse and pointed pamphlet, by the Rev. David Macrae of Dundee. Thee monopolising spirit of Cockneydom invariably substituted ‘England’ for ‘Britain.’ In the Press and on the Platform the former term is constantly employed in direct antagonism to the Treaty of Union, which stipulated that England and Scotland should thenceforth be called ‘Great Britain.’ is it argued that Ireland is not included in the term ‘Britain?’ True; but, as Mr Macrae justly contends, it would surely be less offensive to Ireland to use the larger than the smaller term. the confusion which results from the habit of setting aside ‘Britain’ for ‘England’ is forcibly illustrated by numerous quotations by Mr Macrae from current literature. In reference to a recently-published School History he says:-
The Union is recorded in the middle of the book as if it were a mere incident in the history of England – which remains England with Scotland taken in. The lion and the lamb lie down together, but the lamb is inside of the lion. The absurdity of the thing is all the greater that the book records the fact that the two kingdoms were united into one ‘under the name of “Great Britain.” ’ Yet the very name which it says they were united under is forthwith set aside, and the name of ‘England’ used, almost continually, instead. The British throne is called the ‘English throne’; the British fleet is the ‘English fleet’; the war between Britain and the United States in 1812 is described as a war ‘between the States and England.’ In the battle of Waterloo we hear only of ‘English soldiers’; and in the Afghan war the troops are ‘English troops,’ and the army the ‘English army.’ It was not the British and French that fought side by side in the Crimean war, but, according to this History, ‘the English and French.’ The settlement of the Alabama claim is described as an event ‘unique in English history,’ and Mr Gladstone is not the British Premier, but the ‘Prime Minister of England.’ And this outrage on our national name and history – this practical turning of Scotland into a mere county or district of England – is found in histories issued by Scottish publishers for use in Scottish schools.
This question, as our author thus shows, is not one of mere sentiment: it is one of historical accuracy and justice. It is not always easy, perhaps, for Scotch newspapers, in view of the prevailing custom in the English Press, to keep their columns free from the circumscribed term when the whole kingdom is meant; but a protest so admirably put, as Mr Macrae has put it, must have no little influence in correcting the mistake. The pamphlet which sells at a penny may be had at the Fife Herald warehouse.”
– Fife Herald, Wednesday 30th July, 1884.
– Treaty of Union Articles, Collection of the Rev. David Macrae on Centralisation & Promotion of Home Rule.
The inscription on this Celtic cross memorial reads: