Commerce, p.xxvii.

[Gazetteer of Scotland Contents]

Scotland’s exports consist principally of the produce of her cotton and linen manufactures; and her imports, of the raw materials for her cotton and linen fabrics, and of articles of colonial and foreign produce, which are demanded by the growing taste and luxuriousness of her population. To enumerate subordinate articles, or those included in this general classification, would be to write a list of goods as long, tasteless, and tiresome, as that of a vender of all wares. Till about the year 1755, when the exports amounted in value to £535,576, and the imports to £465,411, Scotland’s commerce was almost as unknowing of foreign lands as her own hardy mountaineers, and as cold and cheerless as their climate and their dress. But from that period, and especially from a decade before the close of last century, it has progressively, though not uniformly, moved on to importance. The following is an account of the official and declared value of the imports into and the exports from the different Scottish ports, from 1824 to the latest period at which the accounts are made up:- 

Years. Imports into Scotland. British and Irish Produce and Manufactures. Foreign and Colonial Merchandise. Total. Declared Value of Exports. 
1824 £3,145,958 £5,009,324 £159,896 £5,169,220 £2,670,134 
1825 3,719,366 4,937,746 109,811 5,047,557 2,721,186 
1826 3,086,679 4,283,074 147,270 4,430,344 2,167,459 
1827 3,948,205 5,932,850 126,745 6,059,595 2,745,965 
1828 4,023,642 6,148,444 185,138 6,233,632 2,897,625 
1829 3,888,294 6,528,587 127,530 6,656,117 2,787,935 
1830 3,908,714 6,984,392 125,941 7,110,333 2,843,143 
1831 4,187,087 7,943,612 111,086 8,054,698 3,189,318 
1832 4,451,351 7,120,595 155,615 7,276,210 2,640,751 
1833 4,638,652 6,820,381 130,721 7,051,102 2,636,840 
1834 4,683,985 7,159,105 117,564 7,276,666 2,647,212 
1835 4,659,151 8,372,598 156,735 8,529,333 3,272,250 
1836 6,053,611 8,258,673 131,572 8,390,245 3,265,995 
1837 5,130,371 7,250,554 134,332 7,384,886 2,724,476 
1838 5,878,612 10,012,599 134,790 10,147,389 3,469,051 
1839 4,933,611 11,216,504 105,376 11,321,800 3,961,692 
1840 6,614,446 12,956,241 127,440 13,083,684 4,394,374 
1841 6,476,670 12,240,523 132,451 12,372,974 4,124,957 

The distribution of the commerce, if simply remembrance be had that Greenock and Port-Glasgow are dependent on Glasgow, and Leith dependent on Edinburgh, will be understood from a tabular view of the gross customs, paid during the years 1835, 1840, and 1841, at each of the Scottish ports:- 

Ports. Customs, 1835. Customs, 1840. Customs, 1841. 
Aberdeen, £53,835 £80,018 £78,126 
Ayr, 1,183 1,827 1,463 
Alloa, (from 5th January, 1841), . . . . . . 2,235 
Banff, 1,112 1,357 1,698 
Borrowstonness, 3,789 4,870 4,073 
Campeltown, 381 483 934 
Dumfries, 4,261 9,107 8,766 
Dundee, 45,609 63,346 48,138 
Glasgow, 314,701 472,563 526,100 
Grangemouth, 21,325 31,216 20,692 
Greenock, 448,661 341,647 423,535 
Inverness, 576 6,171 4,186 
Irvine, 2,441 3,692 3,711 
Kirkcaldy, 5,924 4,207 4,247 
Kirkwall, 369 671 771 
Leith, 489,581 602,999 604,098 
Lerwick, 1,272 707 153 
Montrose, 6,827 33,483 31,713 
Perth (from 5th July, 1840), . . . 10,766 12,381 
Port-Glasgow, 125,162 84,369 100,278 
Stornoway, 555 646 349 
Stranraer, 292 587 653 
Wick, 1,676 1,140 1,232 

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