Fisheries, p.xxviii.

[Gazetteer of Scotland Contents]

The fisheries of Scotland have long formed a valuable and important branch of industry. – The total annual value of the salmon-fisheries has been estimated at £150,000. The Ayr, Beauly, Clyde, Conon, Dee, Deveron, Don, Earn, Eden, North and South Esks, Findhorn, Langwell, Moy, Ness, Shin, Spey, Tay, Teith, Tweed, and Ythan rivers, are all celebrated for their salmon-fishings. – The total quantity of herrings cured in Scotland within the year ending 5th April, 1840, was 543,945 barrels; the total quantity found entitled to the official brand, under the act 1st Will. IV, c. 54, was 152,231 barrels; and the total quantity exported was 252,522 barrels; being a decrease of 11,614¾ barrels in the quantity cured, of 1,428½ in the quantity branded, but an increase of 12,791½ in the quantity exported, as compared with the preceding year. Of cod and ling, 93,560¾ cwts. were cured dried, and 6,053 barrels cured in pickle; the quantity found entitled to the official stamp and brand, under the provisions of the said act, was 21,695½ cwts. dried, and 3,205 barrels pickled, and the total quantity exported was 29,656¼ cwts. dried, and 24 barrels pickled; being an increase over the preceding year of 8,281 cwts. in the quantity cured dried, but a decrease of 3,998½ barrels pickled, a decrease in the quantity punched and branded of 2,240¾ cwts. and 1,888 barrels, but an increase of 2,954½ cwts. in the quantity exported. In catching and curing these fish, 11,893 boats, manned by 52,037 fishermen and boys, were employed in the shore-curing department of the fishery; the number of curers, coopers, gutters, and labourers employed, was 36,681; and the total number of persons employed was 88,718; being an increase over the preceding year of 536 boats, 1,799 fishermen, and of 3,143 in the total number of persons employed. 

The following is an account of the total number of barrels of white herrings which have been cured on board vessels cleared out for the fishery, or cured on shore, in the year ended 5th April, 1840; and also of the number of boats and hands which have been employed in the shore-curing, herring, cod, and ling fisheries. 

Stations. Barrels of Herrings cured. Number of boats. Number of fishermen and boys. 
Campeltown and Islay, 1,511 505 1,599 
Dumfries and Stranraer, 1,665 84 430 
Glasgow, 8,640 . . . . . . 
Greenock and Ayr, Irvine and Saltcoats, 17,418 383 1,110 
Inverary and Lochgilphead, 3,225 454 1,362 
Loch-Broom, 1,461 434 1,742 
Loch-Carron and Dunvegan, 101 830 3,320 
Loch-Shildag, 392 179 721 
Rothsay, 17,119 263 786 
Stornoway and Barra, 1,178 574 3,336 
Tobermory and Fort-William, 1,841 549 1,590 
Isle of Man, 21,152 541 3,860 
Liverpool, . . .  55 271 
St. Ives, . . .  404 1,611 
Anstruther, 39,542 203 963 
Whitehaven, 3,008 48 220 
Banff, 14,057 86 371 
Burntisland, 13,021 176 489 
Cromarty, 8,342 315 1,307 
Eyemouth, 31,521 163 741 
Findhorn, 8,713 191 622 
Fraserburgh, 36,806 145 707 
Helmsdale, 46,571 236 1,180 
Leith, 4,684 338 936 
Lybster, 39,077 264 1,156 
Orkney, North Isles, 6,381 239 993 
Orkney, South Isles, 13,015 497 2,219 
Peterhead, 53,677 146 589 
Port-Gordon, 729 301 1,505 
Shetland, Lerwick, 16,000 740 3,528 
Shetland, Unst, 5,319 139 651 
Shetland, Walls, 4,366 306 1,766 
Stonehaven, 4,787 172 888 
Thurso, 6,992 102 485 
Tongue, 3,169 156 780 
Wick, 91,465 366 1,773 
London, including Dover, Portsmouth, Gravesend, and Yarmouth, from which resident offficers have now been withdrawn, . . . 893 5,095 
North Sunderland, 16,225 177 473 
Whitby, 774 239 862 
Total,  543,945 11,893 52,037 

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