St Luanus or Lugid, sometimes called Molua, abbot in Ireland, 622. St Dominic, confessor, and founder of the Friar Preachers,* 1221.
Born. – Joseph Justus Scaliger, eminent critic, 1540, Agen, France; John Augustus Ernesti, classical editor, 1707, Tennstadt, in Thuringia.
Died. – Pope Martin III., 946; Henry I. of France, 1060, Vitry en Brie; Wenceslaus III., king of Bohemia, stabbed at Olmutz, 1306; Jacques d’Armagnac, Duc de Nemours, beheaded by Louis XI., 1477; Viscount Adam Duncan, admiral and hero of Camperdown, 1804; John Banim, Irish novelist, 1842, near Kilkenny.
* We have an example of an indenture between the Friar Preachers and the City of Glasgow from Gallery 4 of the ‘Memorial Catalogue’ and referenced in ‘Scots Lore’ article, Friars Preachers in Glasgow.
On this Day in Other Sources.
King Alexander, on St. John [the] Baptist’s day this year, in the city of York, with great solemnity marries the Lady Joan, sister to Henry, King of England, and brought her home [on] the 4th of August , to Roxburgh.
– Historical Works, pp.38-57.
The King calls a parliament at Edinburgh, [on] the 4th day of August, 1455, wherein, amongst other business of importance, the [forfeitures] of James, sometime Earl of Douglas, Beatrice, his wife, and of John, Lord Balvenie, are again ratified, and the Lordship of Galloway annexed to the crown; with an act, declaring all the receivers, and relievers with any necessaries of the persons [forfeited], to be traitors, and guilty of the crime of Lèse-majesté.
– Historical Works, pp.166-189.
The Queen returned from Alloa, to Edinburgh, on the 4th of August ; having received much refreshment, though attended with much more calumny. The Queen declared her disapprobation of Darnley’s resentment against Murray, which was thus avowed, by her husband; and was mortified, that he should have so little prudence, as to avow his hatred of so powerful a person, as well as the minister of the country. Darnley carried his folly even so far, as to be displeased with the Queen; because she used familiarity with either man, or woman, and especially the ladies of Argyle, Murray, and Mar, who were her most constant attendants.
– Life of Mary, pp.136-151.
Meanwhile, the Scotish Queen was, more and more, deprived of her personal liberty. At the end of July 1570, the Bishop of Ross complained to Elizabeth, “that his mistress was not permitted to take the air abroad:” And she wrote to Shrewsbury, on the 4th of August, “that in the earl’s company, the Queen of Scots might ride, and take the air, for her health.”
– Life of Mary, pp.235-244.
Aug. 4 . – This was a day of great concern and sorrow to the earnest Presbyterians of Scotland, as on it the parliament sitting at Edinburgh ratified the Five Articles introducing Episcopalian fashions into the church. At the moment when the commissioner, the Marquis of Hamilton, rose to apply the sceptre to the bills, thus giving them symbolically the royal assent, a flash of lightning burst into the house, followed by a second and a third, and these by loud thunder. A heavy darkness ensued. The discharge of rain was so great, that the ceremonial return to Holyroodhouse could not be effected, and all rushed home in confusion. The people, affected by these signs and wonders, called the day Black Saturday.
– Domestic Annals, pp.177-227.
[Richard Rumbold] was hanged, drawn, and quartered, at the Cross, where his heart was torn from his breast, an exhibited, dripping and reeking, by the executioner, on the point of a plug-bayonet, while he exclaimed, “Behold the heart of Richard Rumbold, a bloody English traitor and murderer!” According to Wodrow and others, his head, after being placed on the West Port, was sent to London on the 4th of August , while his quarters were gibbeted in the four principal cities in Scotland.
– Old and New Edinburgh, pp.47-66.